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Category Archives: History

Rare Historical Photos of San Juan County Now Available Digitally

The Utah Division of State History has made publicly available a new collection of rare photographs of southern Utah from 1890 to 1912.

Largely taken by Charles Goodman, a photographer in Bluff, these images document mining ventures, landscapes, city streets, and residences. Donated to State History in 1997 by Afton Watkins Gardner, these photos were passed down from friends of Goodman. Gardner’s donation has not only preserved but made available to the public for the first time many original photographs of different aspects of history in San Juan County and surrounding areas. Continue reading

Utah World War I Commission

Veterans of WWI, male and female, stand in front of an airplane, Ogden, Utah, 1919.

World War I veterans in Ogden, 1919. USHS

April 2017 marks the centennial of America’s entry into World War I, a defining conflict of the modern era.

To commemorate the sacrifice and involvement of Utahns in the Great War, the Utah WWI Commission will provide information and resources to the public.

Events

Event listings will be updated regularly. If you know of a WWI-related event in Utah, email us at uhq@utah.gov.

April 1, 12:30 p.m.
WWI Lecture and Exhibit, with Emily Wheeler and Jeff Bateman
USU Museum of Anthropology
252 Old Main Building, Logan

April 6, 10 a.m.
Remembering the Great War: a commemoration with speakers, music, and artifacts
Utah Capitol Rotunda
Flyer (PDF)

Veterans of World War I in a parade in Ogden, Utah, 1919.

Veterans of World War I, Ogden, 1919. USHS

April 6, 6:30 p.m.
“America in World War I: Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the War,” with Branden Little
Union Station, 2501 Wall Avenue, Ogden

April 11, 12 noon 

“Back of the Front: Women and World War I,” with Tammy Proctor
State Archives, 346 S. Rio Grande Street, Salt Lake City

April 19, 12 noon
“World War I as Recorded by Nels Anderson: Utah Historian and International Sociologist,” with Kent Powell
State Archives, 346 S. Rio Grande Street, Salt Lake City

 

Resources

During World War I, telegraphy was taught at the University of Utah to soldiers from Fort Douglas.

During World War I, telegraphy was taught at the University of Utah to soldiers from Fort Douglas. USHS

Educational resources: Curriculum and more, searchable by grade level, subject, and type

Utah and World War I: special issue of Utah Historical Quarterly

Utah and the Great War: The Beehive State and the World War I Experience, ed. by Allan Kent Powell: a collection of essays exploring the complexity of WWI and its impact on Utahns

Splinters of a Nation: German Prisoners of War in Utah: documentary film about German POWs in Utah and the Salina massacre

State Legislature’s Resolution (PDF)

Governor’s Declaration, April 2017 (PDF)

Utah in the World War, by Noble Warrum: published under the auspices of the Utah Council of Defense in 1924

The Great War, from American Experience

National WWI Museum and Memorial

Utah Archaeology Site Form Data Submissions

A spreadsheet containing basic archaeological site information defined by the UTSHPO, will be required for any site form submission using the new Utah Archaeology Site Form (UASF). This requirement includes both new recordings and update/addendum recordings. This spreadsheet contains 21 data points across 37 fields as agreed-upon by the Interagency Task Force in February 2017. These data will be used to populate UTSHPO archaeological site databases.

The UTSHPO template must be strictly followed, including field/column name and field ‘lookup’ values. The lookup values are held within the spreadsheet and are pulled directly from the UASF manual. Deviations from the previously defined and approved values will result in data transfer errors. As such, deviations from field names or lookup values may result in projects being submitted for UTSHPO review being returned or rejected for corrections.

If you find values in the UTSHPO tabular template that you feel are in error please contact the Archaeology Records staff. Any desired changes to the UASF or approved lookup values are handled through the Interagency Task Force Group. If you are interested in a change please contact an agency representative for review.

The Utah Archaeology Site Form template can be found here.

A spreadsheet containing explanations of each field, its data type, acceptable values, and USAF section can be found here.

Utah Archaeology Site Form Release

In February 2017, the Interagency Task Force, which includes leaders from state and federal agencies and UTSHPO, met and approved the official launch of the new archaeological site form for use in Utah. The Utah Archaeological Site Form (UASF) is the result of several years of collaborative work between agencies, academic institutions, and private consultants.  The new form can now be used to provide adequate documentation for archaeological resources in Utah, except for United States Forest Service managed lands.

PDF copies of the new form can be found here:

The associated manual can be found here.

Immediate adoption of the new site form is encouraged as continued use of IMACS will not be allowed after November 1st, 2017. Following this grace period UTSHPO will no longer accept IMACS forms. Existing contracted projects may be allowed to submit IMACS forms after the drop-dead date on a case-by-case basis with UTSHPO.

In addition to the new form, UTSHPO is requiring submission of a  spreadsheet populated with core site data in a standardized format. More information about this spreadsheet can be found here. Any site form generator used will need to populate a properly formatted spreadsheet or the user will manually enter the information into a template spreadsheet provided by the UTSHPO. Further digital standards are pending the release of a new electronic SHPO consultation system that will eliminate paper submission. More information will be forthcoming.

Archaeology Site Etiquette

If you’ve hiked, biked, rafted, or traveled anywhere in Utah, chances are you’ve found ancient ruins and artifacts, also called “archaeological sites”. An archaeological site is anything left by past humans. Sites can be rock art, pueblos, arrowheads, mines, cabins, trails, and much more! Utah has over 90,000 known archaeological sites sharing the past 13,000 years of human history. Unfortunately, many sites are being vandalized. Ancestors of Native Americans lived in these places that continue to have cultural significance today, so it’s important that we all take care of such sites. These three keys will help you enjoy and protect archaeological sites:

Stay safe around archaeology

  • Archaeological sites can be dangerous. Sites such as old mines may have open shafts, that may pose danger to falling and critters love to nest in rocks. Keep alert and stay out of dangerous situations.
  • Explore buildings and structures; however, if it looks unsafe, assume that is the case. Don’t climb on the fragile walls or try to put rocks back in place. Only professionals should try to rebuild walls, but let someone know if you see a problem. Look out for nails and other sharp objects.

Protect and preserve the past

  • Staying on trail protects buried artifacts, and camping in designated spots helps keep archaeological sites tidy.
  • If you find something that might be an artifact, you can measure, draw, and take a picture of the artifact,if it’s safe. Just remember to put it back where you found it! When you take an artifact away from where you found it, archaeologists lose the chance to learn more about past people.
  • Take pictures or drawings of rock art and historic inscriptions! If you want to make rock art “pop” in your photographs, try using different filters. Art is too fragile to touch, and never use chalk or water on rock art and inscriptions.
  • If you find graffiti it’s time to call the professionals! You don’t need to try to fix it (that could be more damaging), just take pictures if you can and report it.
  • If you see someone else damaging a site, don’t talk to them yourselves but make sure to tell a ranger, archaeologist, or another agency person.
  • If you find an archaeological artifact or site that isn’t well-marked, make sure to tell the person who owns or manages the land. You can email us at the Utah Antiquities Section and we can help connect you with the landowner.

Archaeological Site Etiquette


Do’s and Don’ts In Pictures

 

 


How to learn more or get involved:

-State History maintains a list of archaeological sites that are open to visitation by the public: https://heritage.utah.gov/history/history-maps

– Friends of Cedar Mesa (https://www.friendsofcedarmesa.org/)

– Tread Lightly! Respect & Protect (https://www.treadlightly.org/programs/respect-and-protect/)

– Utah Statewide Archaeological Society (USAS) (http://utaharchaeology.org/)

– Utah Rock Art Research Association (URARA) (https://urara.wildapricot.org/)

– Passport in Time (PIT) (http://www.passportintime.com)

Latinos in Utah

WE REMEMBER, WE CELEBRATE, WE BELIEVE                                         A PHOTO HISTORY OF LATINOS IN UTAH

Latinos in Utah
History of Mexico
Monticello Settlement
Miners of Utah
Railroad Workers in Utah
Religious Practices of Latinos in Utah
Migrant Workers in Utah
Utah Hispanics in the Military
Latinos’ Quest for Civil Rights in Utah
Our Future: Our Children

For twenty years, and in conjunction with our oral history project, we gathered an impressive number of pictures and documents of Latinos in the state of Utah. These pictures allowed us to recreate the history of Latinos since the time when the Aztecs and Utes inhabited Utah’s territory to our present days. Based on ethnic methodologies, I merged the history of the United States, the history of Utah, and the history of Mexican Americans in the Southwest.

Our main intention was to increase the level of awareness of the presence of Latinos in Utah, to promote tolerance and understanding in our communities, and to make this information accessible to people without formal education. For these purposes, we created a travel exhibit, with captions in English and Spanish, and with a feedback mechanism through which people provided further information. The exhibit was displayed throughout the state and about 120,000 people visited our photo-documentary.

This collection includes maps showing the territory of Utah when it was part of Mexico, the first community of Latinos in Monticello, the experience of the miners in Bingham and Price, the participation of Latinos in the construction of Utah’s railroad, the presence of Mexican migrant workers, the Latinos of Utah who enrolled in the U.S. wars abroad, the early religious organizations of Catholics and Latter Day Saints, the Chicano Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s and 1970s, and Utah’s Latino leaders who have left a legacy for future generations.

Organizations such as the Utah State Historical Society, the Center of Documentary Art, the American West Center, the Salt Lake Tribune, the Special Collections at the University of Utah, Utah Humanities, Ethnic Studies, Centro Civico Mexicano, Weber State University, the Office of Hispanic Affairs, and multiple families contributed to this project. We are confident that our involvement will enhance the goals of making Utah’s history a more wholistic and inclusive endeavor.

Armando Solorzano. Ph.D.

 

 

This was an excerpt of the panels. You can access the finding aide here.

Mesa to Mountain Symposium 2017

For More Information and Conference Registration click here.

Salt Lake City is a crossroads of the American West and abounds with historic resources and projects that will be of interest to APT members from across the country. Mesa to Mountain will explore the rich history and unique preservation challenges of this region with a focus on western sites, materials, and conditions.

The symposium kicks off on Thursday, March 23 with a plenary address and reception at the historic Alta Club. Friday begins with a keynote address, then continues with a full day of paper sessions following three tracks: Seismic Retrofit of Historic Buildings, Materials and Construction Techniques, and Cultural Heritage Management. On Saturday, three full-day tours will take participants to historic sites in the Salt Lake City area.

Utah Historical Quarterly Current Issue


Volume 84, Number 4 (Fall 2016 Issue):


Published since 1928, the Utah Historical Quarterly is the state’s premier history journal and the source for reliable, engaging Utah history. Join the Historical Society for your own copy.

Each issue of the Utah Historical Quarterly is accompanied with rich web supplements that introduce readers to sources, photos, interviews, and other engaging material. These “extras” are located at history.utah.gov/uhqextras.

WEB EXTRAS: See here 


IN THIS ISSUE


It’s often noted that the work of a historian—patching together fragments of information to arrive at an understanding of the past, however limited—is like the work of a detective. Just so, as historians assemble their puzzles of documents, objects, and memories, they ask questions about motivations, about cause and effect, and even about what simply happened. The articles in this issue of Utah Historical Quarterly—as they reconsider accepted explanations and ponder how big events can affect personal lives—are full of such inquiries.

Our lead essay draws on Jedediah Smith’s record discovered in 1967 and published in 1977—more than two decades after Dale L. Morgan’s classic Jedediah Smith and the Opening of the West—to detail the famed 1826 and 1827 southwest expeditions. Smith’s travels helped to map terra incognita, as other historians have shown, and perhaps explain a puzzling mystery: what happened to the Paiute village first encountered by Smith in 1826 but abandoned upon his return the following year? Edward Leo Lyman’s close reading of the record suggests that Jed Smith’s narrative is intertwined with those of two of his contemporaries, James Ohio Pattie and Ewing Young. Though Smith is well known by scholars and general readers of the American West, this piece offers a welcome reevaluation of his travels and provides surprising revelations.

In April 1857, Felix Marion Jones traveled with his family as a toddler, from Arkansas to Utah Territory, where his family became victims of the superlative tragedy at Mountain Meadows. Jones survived the massacre but endured loss beyond description: first his parents, then the woman who cared for him after their death, and even his identity. After the federal government returned Jones and his fellow survivors to Arkansas, the boy experienced a difficult childhood. As a teenager, Jones struck out on his own for Texas and eventually had a family of his own. One of his posterity, a favorite grandson named Milam “Mike” Jones, heard F. M.’s memories and, in 2008, passed them on to the historian Will Bagley. This is a story of loss, family, and renewal that spans centuries.

During the hottest years of the Cold War, the U.S. government—especially the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)—conducted above-ground, atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Although representatives of the AEC and others soft-pedaled the dangers of these tests, they had devastating effects upon many people and animals living downwind from the NTS. Our third article explores how employees and institutions of the federal government dealt with the consequences of nuclear fallout.

When designated in 1964, Canyonlands National Park was to be “built” in the tradition of Yellowstone or the Grand Canyon—lodges, restaurants, and roads directing visitors to the park’s inner sanctum. Within fifteen years the Canyonlands General Management Plan called for a preserved landscape devoid of the easy-access roads planned into the Chesler Park, Grabens, and Needles areas. Our fourth essay details the forces at play—the wartime shortfall in funds, the rise of environmental sensibilities, the ideologies of park superintendents—and the sense of loss experienced by some. The history of Canyonlands is a reminder that all landscapes are products of contingent forces and of contending voices. Even the look and experience of a most dramatic and remote landscape is not inevitable or fixed.

 


ARTICLES

Rethinking Jedediah S. Smith’s Southwestern Expeditions
By Edward Leo Lyman

Touching History: A Grandson’s Memories of Felix Marion Jones and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows
By Will Bagley

“Damned Stupid Old Guinea Pigs”: The Cover-Up of the “Dirty” Harry Nuclear Test
By Katherine Good

Closing the Road to Chesler Park: Why Access to Canyonlands National Park Remains Limited
By Clyde L. Denis


BOOK REVIEWS

David B. Danbom, ed., Bridging the Distance: Common Issues of the Rural West. Reviewed by R. Douglas Hurt

Marian Wardle and Sarah E. Boehme, eds., Branding the American West: Paintings and Films, 1900-1950. Reviewed by James R. Swensen

Richard L. Saunders, ed., Dale Morgan on the Mormons: Collected Works Part 2, 1949-1970. Reviewed by Curt Bench

Diana L. Ahmad, Success Depends on the Animals: Emigrants, Livestock, and Wild Animals on the Overland Trails, 1840-1869. Reviewed by Jeff Nichols


BOOK NOTICES

James A. Toronto, Eric R. Dursteler, and Michael W. Homer, Mormons in the Piazza: History of the Latter-day Saints in Italy

Martha Bradley-Evans, Glorious in Persecution: Joseph Smith, American Prophet, 1839-1844

 

NHPA 50 Year Anniversary

Join the nationwide celebration for the 50th Anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 2016. This Act transformed the face of communities throughout the United States and Utah by establishing a framework and incentives to preserve historic buildings, landscapes, and archaeological sites.  Coordinated through Preservation50.org, the nationwide celebration is designed to inform and engage all ages and backgrounds in this significant law’s effects on local communities and history. Since 1966, the NHPA has shaped preservation efforts on America’s history and culture while generating positive social and economic impacts. In 2015, the Utah State Historic Preservation Office (formed in 1973) gathered stakeholders to organize a year of events and to gather engaging stories and media for the celebration.

This website is a portal to a year of events and activities that cover all corners of Utah.

Events Calendar     Media     Preservation Apps     Links     Partners

shipwreckgsl

Shipwreck at the Great Salt Lake

 

Utah Archaeology and Historic Preservation Month celebrates Utah’s rich archaeological and historical resources with a month of lectures and hands-on learning. Statewide events include:

  • Open house at the Natural History Museum of Utah with educational activities for kids and adults
  • Hands-on experiences
  • Lectures and paper presentations
  • Tours of archaeological and historical sites

Please note: Updates occur regularly, but may take up to 48 hours to appear. Please note: Jumps may land slightly below their marker. We are sorry for the inconvenience.

Do you have an event? Please email cmerritt@utah.gov and fill out the Archaeology and Historic Preservation Event Form

Click to view interactive webmap!

CacheCounty

Hyrum

  • Guided Tours of Historic Hyrum
    Date & Time: Saturday, May 13 (11am to 1pm)
    Location: Meet at Hyrum Museum, 50 West Main
    For More Information (contact info): Jami J. Van Huss, museum@hyrumcity.com, 435-245-0208
    Sponsors/Organizations:
    Hyrum Museum
    Admission Cost: Free
    Event Description: Guided tours of historic Hyrum will begin at 11:00 am and 1:00 pm. Meet at the museum fifteen minutes prior to your tour time. Since there is limited seating on the bus, please sign-up ahead of time at the museum. Tours will last 35–45 minutes and will be based off the Historic Tour of Hyrum, Utah booklet, which will be provided to all participants. Additional booklets will be available at the museum for those interested in driving themselves. More tour times may be added if needed.