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2016 State History Conference Schedule

**Conference At A Glance

Friday, Sept. 30th, 2016
Utah Cultural Celebration Center

Printable conference program







Plenary Session (Great Hall)

Panel: Gregory Smoak (moderator), Leisl Carr Childers, and Jay Taylor

Historical Perspectives on the Public Lands Debate in the American West

Leisl Carr Childers photoLeisl Carr Childers is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Northern Iowa where she coordinates the Public History program and teaches the American West. She earned her doctorate at the University of Nevada Las Vegas, where she worked as the Assistant Director of the Nevada Test Site Oral History Project. She garnered several awards for her research on the Great Basin, including UNLV’s prestigious President’s Fellowship, UNI’s Faculty Summer Fellowship, and the Charles Redd Center for Western Studies Summer and Publication Awards. Her experiences collecting oral histories from those who worked at the test site or were affected by nuclear testing in addition to her own recreational activities on public lands provided the foundation for her project. Her first book, The Size of the Risk: Histories of Multiple Use in the Great Basin, received a Spur Award from the Western Writers of America and has garnered praise from reviewers in journals diverse as Montana The Magazine of Western History and the American Historical Review.

Jay Taylor photoJoseph E. Taylor III is a professor of history at Simon Fraser University. He has written broadly about gentrification and the struggles to control access to natural resources, including Making Salmon, about the fisheries crisis in the Pacific Northwest, and Pilgrims of the Vertical, about the cultural and environmental stakes of modern rock climbing. His current research focuses on the legislative history of Progressive Era and New Deal conservation, and he is mapping the history of transfer payments to western counties for activities occurring on federal lands.






World War I in Rural Utah (Room 101)

  • Robert S. Voyles (chair)
  • Kerry William Bate: Kanarraville Women Fight World War I
  • Robert S. McPherson: Native American Reaction to World War I
  • Allan Kent Powell: World War I in Castle Valley: The Impact of the War on Carbon and Emery Counties

Early Rural Utah in the Uinta Basin (Room 102)

  • Lee Kreutzer (chair)
  • Elizabeth Hora-Cook: Public Spaces and Private Places: The Construction of Social Landscapes in Jones Hole Canyon, Utah
  • Judson Byrd Finley: The Fremont Archaeology of Dinosaur National Monument: Fifty Years after Breternitz

Evaluating The Awkward State of Utah (Room 104)

  • Panel: Brad Westwood (moderator), Jay H. Buckley, Brian Q. Cannon, Matthew Godfrey, Lisa Olsen Tait, John Sillito

Accessing Statewide Heritage Resources (Room105)

  • Panel: Roger Roper (moderator), Jennifer Ortiz, Megan Van Frank, Janell Tuttle, Ray Matthews

Representatives from several agencies and organizations will describe the programs (including grants) they have for assisting communities with history-related projects.

Bringing the Art of Decorative Paper Cutting into the Twenty-first Century (Board Room)

  • Susannah Nilsson, Cindy Bean






Lunch Program

12:10 p.m. Welcome
Dina Blaes, Chair, Board of State History

12:15 p.m. Update on Division of State History
Brad Westwood, Director, Division of State History

12:20 p.m. 2016 Annual Utah State History Awards
Dina Blaes, Chair, Board of State History

12:35 p.m. Introduction of Dr. Patty Limerick
Dina Blaes, Chair, Board of State History

12:40 p.m. Keynote

Quicksand, Cactus, and the Power of History in Polarized Times:

Bringing Juanita Brooks and Dale L. Morgan Back into Our Conversation

Dr. Patty Limerick, Faculty Director and Chair of the Board of the Center of the American West

As chroniclers tracking the journeys of human beings through the terrain of time, today’s historians stand in an unsettled relationship with their own predecessors and forebears. It is not uncommon for historians to treat the work of the historical writers of the past as outmoded and irrelevant, even as they lament the public’s failure to pay proper respect to the importance of the past! And yet, as this talk will reveal, intense feelings and attitudes—impatience to inspiration, vexation to affectionswirl and surge just beneath the surface of one of the world’s dreariest terms:  “the historiography of the American West.” Seizing the welcome opportunity to speak at the Utah State History Conference in 2016, Patty Limerick will explore the examples set by Utah historians, Juanita Brooks and Dale L. Morgan. How can the work, conduct, and character of those two close friends guide us today in the strenuous work of applying historical perspective to the dilemmas of the contemporary West? Leaving a legacy of guidance for her successors in Western American history, Juanita Brooks recorded the advice that her cowboy father gave her:

I’ve learned that if I ride in the herd, I am lost—totally helpless. One who rides counter to [the herd] is trampled and killed. One who only trails behind means little, because he leaves all responsibility to others. It is the cowboy who rides the edge of the herd, who sings and calls and makes himself heard who helps direct the course. . . . So don’t lose yourself, and don’t ride away and desert the outfit. Ride the edge of the herd and be alert, but know your directions, and call out loud and clear. Chances are, you won’t make any difference, but on the other hand, you just might.

It may not be an everyday custom for Western American historians to embrace a life lesson offered by Western American cowboys, but on September 30, 2016, Patty Limerick will give this a try.


Patty Limerick is the Faculty Director and Chair of the Board of the Center of the American West at the University of Colorado, where she is also a Professor of History. Limerick received her Ph.D. in American Studies from Yale University in Yale University in 1980, and from 1980 to 1984 she was an Assistant Professor of History at Harvard. In 1985 she published Desert Passages, followed in 1987 by her best-known work, The Legacy of Conquest, an overview and reinterpretation of Western American history that has stirred up a great deal of both academic and public debate. In 2012 she published A Ditch in Time: The City, the West, and Water, a history of water in Denver. Limerick is also a prolific essayist.

Limerick has received a number of awards and honors recognizing the impact of her scholarship and her commitment to teaching, including the MacArthur Fellowship (1995 to 2000) and the Hazel Barnes Prize, the University of Colorado’s highest award for teaching and research (2001). She has chaired the 2011 Pulitzer jury in History.

Limerick has served as President of the Organization of American Historians, American Studies Association, the Western History Association, and the Society of American Historians, and as the Vice President of the Teaching Division of the American Historical Association. She is currently the President of the Organization of American Historians.

In 1986, Limerick co-founded the Center of the American West, and since 1995 it has been her primary point of affiliation. During her tenure, the Center has published a number of books, including the influential Atlas of the New West (1997), and a series of lively, balanced, and to-the-point reports on compelling Western issues.

The Center of the American West serves as a forum committed to the civil, respectful, problem-solving exploration of important, often contentious, public issues.






What Role Do Historians Play in Public Land and Water Policy? (Rooms 101 & 102)

  • Panel: Patty Limerick, Joseph E. Taylor III, Leisl Carr Childers, and Jedediah Rogers (moderator)

The conference theme provides a forum for historians and scholars to apply their methodology and discipline to questions that have contemporary—and, frequently, political—resonance. But what role, precisely, does the historian play in contributing to sensitive, political issues over public lands, water, and environmental conflict? The discussion will focus not so much on public lands and water as on the boundaries, limitations, and strengths of the discipline of history to pressing contemporary western issues.

New Methods, Historical Innovation (Room 104)

  • Gregory C. Thompson (chair)
  • Justin Sorensen: Exploring Utah’s Nuclear History through the Downwinders of Utah Archive
  • Cami Ann Dilg: The past that was differs little from the past that was not”: Pictographs and Petroglyphs in Cormac McCarthy’s Blood Meridian or the Evening Redness in the West
  • Kenneth P. Cannon: Across the Desert: The Archaeology of the Chinese Railroad Workers, Box Elder County, Utah

Evolving Small Towns (Room 105)

  • Dina Blaes (chair)
  • Linda Thatcher: J. C. Penney Stores and How They Changed Rural Main Streets in Utah
  • Michael Hansen: Plat for the City of Zion: Past, Present, and Future
  • Shannon Ellsworth: Handcarts, Homesteads, and Hipsters: What Millennials Have in Common with Mormon Pioneers

The Personal and the Political (Great Hall – west)

  • Colleen Whitley (chair)
  • Devan Jensen and Kenneth L. Alford: Cynthia Park Stowell: Wife of a Utah War POW
  • Walter R. Jones: A Tragic Set of Events in Early-Twentieth-Century Rural Uinta County, Wyoming
  • Kenneth L. Cannon II: Frank Cannon, the Salt Lake Tribune, and the Alta Club

Lark, Utah: A Public History Event (Great Hall – east)

  • Chris Merritt, Utah State History, Antiquities Section
  • Dr. Ted Moore, Salt Lake Community College
  • Jessica Montcalm, Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining
  • Steve Richarson and Ren Willie, Lark Residents
  • Betsey Welland, Marriott Library, University of Utah
  • Margaret Benson, Marriott Library

In 1978, retirees, immigrants, mine workers, and others were displaced from their homes at Lark by mine expansion. Over the last three years, archaeologists and historians with the Utah Division of State History, Salt Lake Community College, University of Utah, and Utah State University have worked with former Lark residents, or their descendants, to tell their story again. Session will include formal presentations on the town’s history.  In the Board Room, an oral history booth, a document scanning table and more will be available.

Lark Oral Histories (Board Room)






Rural Utah, National Destinations: Developing Utah’s National Parks (Rooms 101 & 102)

  • Leighton M. Quarles (chair and moderator)
  • Susan Rhoades Neel: National Park Expansion in Utah during the New Deal
  • Paula Mitchell: The Grand Circle Tour: Early Tourism in Zion, Bryce, North Rim, and Cedar Breaks
  • Michael Shamo: Creating Canyonlands: Southeastern Utah’s Bid to Benefit from Federal Lands

This hybrid paper session/panel discussion explores the dynamics of national park development in Utah with an emphasis on interaction with and impact on surrounding communities. Following the presentations a brief panel discussion will address the ongoing relevance of these overlapping histories.

Voices from the Desert: Rural Issues in Southeastern Utah (Room 104)

  • Panel: Robert S. McPherson (moderator and panelist), Winston Hurst, Rick Eldredge, Mike Noel

Participants will address the loss and acquisition of land by Native Americans; the use and abuse of Ancestral Puebloan sites and artifacts; the multifaceted issues of law enforcement in a complex, disputed environment; and the impact of the Grand-Staircase Monument on residents twenty years after its inception. Moving from past to present, panelists will share views on how history has shaped contemporary issues.

Land Stewardship in Northern Utah (Room 105)

  • Dave Whittekiend (chair)
  • Charles Condrat: Watersheds and Historic Properties: Environmental Rehabilitation and Resulting Affects to Historic Character
  • Carol Majeske: Collaborative Efforts and Successful Reforestation, a History of the Salt Lake Forest Reserve
  • Rachelle Handley: The Legacy of Recreation and Historic Buildings: Preservation and Adaptive Re-Use on the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest
  • Scott Bushman: John Fell Squires and the Creation of the Logan Forest Reserve

Industrial and Natural Landscapes (Great Hall – west)

  • Nelson Knight (chair)
  • Mark Karpinski: Utah Coal Company Towns: Rural Towns Created to Fuel Western Urbanization
  • Susie Petheram: The Jordan River Then and Now: From Rural Resource to Urban Resource
  • Jessica F. Montcalm: Echoes from the Camp: Sego as a Case Study in Identifying an Industrial Landscape

Lark, Utah: A Public History Event (continued) (Great Hall – east)

In 1978, retirees, immigrants, mine workers, and others were displaced from their homes at Lark by mine expansion. Over the last three years, archaeologists and historians with the Utah Division of State History, Salt Lake Community College, University of Utah, and Utah State University have worked with former Lark residents, or their descendants, to tell their story again. Session will include formal presentations on the town’s history, an oral history booth, a document scanning table and more.

Lark Oral Histories (continued) (Board Room)

Thank you to our conference sponsors:

American Institute of Architects (Utah chapter), American Planning Association (Utah chapter), American West Center (U of U), Ames Construction, Charles Redd Center for Western Studies (BYU), Chevron, Fort Douglas Military Museum, Governor’s Office of Economic Development, J. Willard Marriott Library (U of U), LDS Church History Department, National Park Service, Resonance Printing Solutions, U of U History Department, USU History Department, Utah Cultural Celebration Center, Utah Humanities, Utah Westerners.

2016 State History Conference Workshop Schedule

**Conference At A Glance

Thursday, Sept. 29th, 2016
Conference Workshops/Seminars
Rio Grande Depot

9:00 am – noon







Seminar (Zephyr Room)  (SEMINAR IS FULL)
Megan van Frank and Jedediah Rogers

Oral history is a powerful tool for people to understand their family stories and community history. Whether used for scholarly research, finding community stories, or fleshing out one’s family history, oral history provides unusual access to stories not otherwise known or in danger of being lost. This workshop will provide a focused introduction to the art and craft of oral history: to the philosophical underpinnings of the discipline—what it can, and cannot, tell us about the past—and to the nuts and bolts of executing successful oral history projects. Participants will learn how to make pre-interview preparations, interact with interviewees, conduct interviews, and transcribe and archive recorded interviews. They will receive experiential practice preparing probing questions, conducting an interview, and editing an oral history transcript. An orientation to the Utah Humanities and Utah Division of State History joint oral history program will also be provided.

Megan van Frank directs community history and museums programming for Utah Humanities.
Jedediah Rogers is a Senior State Historian at the Utah Division of State History and co-managing editor of the Utah Historical Quarterly.

Co-sponsored by Utah Humanities.






Workshop (West Lecture Room) (WORKSHOP IS FULL) To be placed on a waiting list, enter your name in the workshop registration
Roger Roper and Cory Jensen

This workshop session will address the basic components—and many of the nuances—of evaluating historic buildings. It will cover assessments of historic integrity, evaluations of significance (National Register eligibility), the affects of additions and alterations, and appropriate and inappropriate rehabilitation work. The wide-ranging discussion should be of interest to cultural resource professionals as well as amateur old-building aficionados.

Part I, Historic Building Evaluations, will address a wide variety of issues and examples related to the following:

  • Assessing the historic integrity of buildings and structures, including the effect of alterations and additions. Can “really significant” properties absorb more changes without losing their integrity? How can the “seven aspects of integrity” be applied most effectively? What other tools and cues can be used to make valid assessments?
  • Evaluating the National Register eligibility of historic properties. How much information is needed to make an appropriate evaluation? Does the evaluation process vary depending on which criteria you are trying to use? How “final” are evaluations? Under what circumstances can evaluations be changed?
  • Assessing “effects” of undertakings for Section 106 purposes. What types of impacts trigger “adverse effects”? Do those same types of impacts affect a property’s historic integrity or National Register eligibility? Would any of those impacts ever be allowed on a certified rehabilitation tax credit project?
  • Using “phased documentation” to assess historic properties incrementally, as funding and other needs dictate. When is it appropriate to “make a call” on integrity and eligibility without full documentation? Are there legal ramifications or procedural improprieties in doing so?

Part II, “What’s New with the Old National Register,” goes beyond the basics of conducting historic building surveys and preparing National Register nominations. It focuses more on some of the nuances involved in both processes, things that can either trip you up or smooth your path to project completion. It also addresses recent issues and trends that have emerged either nationally or statewide, including using online resources for conducting “digital surveys” and conducting historical research.

Roger Roper is a Deputy SHPO and historic preservation program coordinator for the Utah Division of State History (Utah SHPO).

Cory Jensen is the National Register and architectural survey coordinator for the Utah Division of State History (Utah SHPO)..






Seminar (Utah State Archives Training Room 346 S. Rio Grande St) (SEMINAR IS FULL) To be placed on a waiting list, enter your name in the workshop registration

Christina Epperson and Tessie Burningham

We will show you how to find our historical data-sets and map gallery, both available online. Participants will learn about different online resources for historical aerial imagery and learn steps to overlay a historical map onto Google Earth. Then we will give a brief introduction to a free mapping program called ArcGIS online and review the capabilities and resources available for historians.

Christina Epperson is GIS Analyst, Utah Division of State History
Tessie Burningham is Records Assistant with the Antiquities Section, Utah Division of State History

4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m.






Workshop (Zephyr Room)
Elizabeth Hora-Cook and Deb Miller

The Utah Division of State History (UDSH) announces a new teacher training workshop as a part of the Utah State History Conference. This workshop will present a complete module that introduces students to Utah prehistory, develops evidence-based critical thinking skills, and embodies an important message about archaeological stewardship. As a part of UDSH’s mission to preserve and share the past, we designed a 90 minute module that can articulate with 4th and 7th grade social studies curriculums. The workshop will introduce teachers to Utah prehistory and provide instruction for how to use the teaching module. We will offer free materials during the training and direct educators to other online teaching resources.

Elizabeth Hora-Cook is Cultural Compliance Reviewer with the Antiquities Section, Utah Division of State History.
Deb Miller is GIS Specialist and Assistant Archaeology Records Manager, Utah Division of State History.

Rural Utah, Western Issues – 64th Annual Utah State History Conference Program

workshopbanner conferencebanner

Conference at a Glance

Conference Workshops, Seminars
Thursday, Sept. 29, 2016
9:00 a.m. – noon
4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m.
Rio Grande Depot
300 S. Rio Grande Street
Salt Lake City, UT

9:00 a.m. –  noon Introduction to Oral History (Zephyr Room) (WORKSHOP IS FULL)
(Co-sponsored by Utah Humanities)
9:00 a.m. –  noon Historic Preservation Workshop (West Lecture Room) (WORKSHOP IS FULL) Enter your name in the conference registration to be added to a waiting list.
9:00 a.m. – noon Well, isn’t that Spatial?”: GIS, Mapping Historical and Cultural Resources (Utah State Archives Training Room – 346 S. Rio Grande Street) (WORKSHOP IS FULL) Enter your name in the conference registration to be added to a waiting list.
4:00 p.m – 6:00 p.m. Teacher Training Prehistory Workshop (Zephyr Room)


Conference Panels, Sessions
Friday, Sept. 30, 2016
8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Utah Cultural Celebration Center
1355 West 3100 South
West Valley, UT

9:00 – 10:15 a.m. Plenary Session: Historical Perspectives on the Public Lands Debate in the American WestDr. Gregory Smoak, Dr. Leisl Carr Childers, Dr. Joseph E. Taylor III (Great Hall)
10:30 – 11:45 a.m. World War I in Utah (Room 101)
Early Rural Utah in the Uinta Basin (Room 102)
  Evaluating The Awkward State of Utah (Room 104)
  Accessing Statewide Heritage Resources (Room 105)
  Bringing the Art of Decorative Paper Cutting into the Twenty-first Century (Board Room)
12 – 1:30 p.m. Keynote: Quicksand, Cactus, and the Power of History in Polarized Times: Bringing Juanita Brooks and Dale L. Morgan Back into Our ConversationDr. Patty Limerick (Great Hall)
1:45 – 3:00 p.m. What Role Do Historians Play in Public Land and Water Policy? (Rooms 101 & 102)
  New Methods, Historical Innovation (Room 104)
  Evolving Small Towns (Room 105)
  The Personal and the Political (Great Hall – west)
  Lark Public Event (Great Hall – east)
  Lark Oral Histories (Board Room)
3:15 – 4:30 p.m. Rural Utah, National Destinations (Rooms 101 & 102)
  Voices from the Desert: Rural Issues in Southeastern Utah (Room 104)
  Land Stewardship in Northern Utah (Room 105)
  Industrial and Natural Landscapes (Great Hall – west)
  Lark Public Event (Great Hall – east)
  Lark Oral Histories (Board Room)





Conference Tour (TOUR IS FULL)
Saturday, Oct. 1, 2016
9:00 a.m. – 6:30 p.m.

Hosted by Fort Douglas Military Museum.   Battle or massacre? Historians still debate the events of that cold winter day in January 1863 when soldiers from Camp Douglas attacked a village of Shoshone on the Bear River near the Utah-Idaho border. Follow the route of the soldiers as the marched north from Camp Doulas and walk the site of the actual battle. An informative and thought provoking day exploring Utah’s historic past.

Cost:     $65 per person (includes transportation, lunch and field trip booklet)

**Please note that a separate paid registration is required for this tour and is not part of the free conference.  Please call 801-581-1251 or email to register. (TOUR IS FULL, NO MORE REGISTRATIONS ARE BEING ACCEPTED)

Thank you to our conference sponsors:

American Institute of Architects (Utah chapter), American Planning Association (Utah chapter), American West Center (U of U), Ames Construction, Charles Redd Center for Western Studies (BYU), Chevron, Fort Douglas Military Museum, Governor’s Office of Economic Development, J. Willard Marriott Library (U of U), LDS Church History Department, National Park Service, Resonance Printing Solutions, U of U History Department, USU History Department, Utah Cultural Celebration Center, Utah Humanities, Utah Westerners.

Utah State Historical Society Best Book and Article Nominations

Published in 2015, awarded at 2016 Annual Meeting


Nominations for the Francis Armstrong Madsen Best Utah History Book Award

Thomas Carter, Building Zion: The Material World of Mormon Settlement (University of Minnesota Press)

Richard Francaviglia, The Mapmakers of New Zion: A Cartographic History of Mormonism (University of Utah Press)

Dave Hall, A Faded Legacy: Amy Brown Lyman and Mormon Women’s Activism, 1872-1959 (University of Utah Press)

Michael Hicks, The Mormon Tabernacle Choir: A Biography (University of Illinois Press)

Robert S. McPherson, Life in a Corner: Cultural Episodes in Southeastern Utah, 1880-1950 (University of Oklahoma)

Charles S. Peterson and Brian Q. Cannon, The Awkward State of Utah: Coming of Age in the Nation, 1896-1945 (University of Utah Press)

Paul Reeve, Religion of a Different Color: Race and the Mormon Struggle for Whiteness (Oxford University Press)


Nominations for Best Utah Historical Quarterly Article Awards (Dale L. Morgan Award for Best Scholarly Article and Charles Redd Center for Western Studies Award for Best General Interest Article)

Winter 2015

Robert E. Parson, “Neither Poet nor Prophet: S. George Ellsworth and the History of Utah”

Douglas H. Page Jr., Sarah E. Page, Thomas J. Straka, and Nathan D. Thomas, “Charcoal and Its Role in Utah Mining History”

Kathryn L. MacKay, “The Chocolate Dippers’ Strike of 1910”

Emma Louise Penrod, “Tooele, Touch Typing, and the Catholic Saint Marguerite-Marie Alacoque”

Gary Topping, “Transformation of the Cathedral: An Interview with Gregory Glenn”

Spring 2015

Bruce W. Worthen, “‘Zachary Taylor Is Dead and in Hell and I Am Glad of It!’: The Political Intrigues of Almon Babbitt”

Steve Siporin, “A Bear and a Bandit”

Chase Chamberlain and Robert S. McPherson, “Desert Cold Warriors: Southeastern Utah’s Fight against Communism, 1951–1981”

Summer 2015

Marshall E. Bowen, “The Russian Molokans of Park Valley”

Kathryn L. MacKay, “The Uncompahgre Reservation and the Hill Creek Extension”

Christine Cooper-Rompato, “Women Inventors in Utah Territory”

Fall 2015

Alexander L. Baugh, “John C. Frémont’s 1843–44 Western Expedition and Its Influence on Mormon Settlement in Utah”

Ephriam D. Dickson III, “‘Shadowy Figures about Whom Little Is Known’: Artists of the Simpson Expedition, 1858–59”

Susan Rhoades Neel, “Love among the Fossils: Earl and Pearl Douglass at Dinosaur National Monument”


Nominations for Best Article on Utah History Not Published in the Utah Historical Quarterly (Suitter Axland Award)

Thomas Alexander, “Brigham Young and the Transformation of Utah Wilderness, 1847–58,” Journal of Mormon History 41, no. 1 (2015): 103–24.

Nancy Stowe Kadar, “The Young Democrats and Hugh Nibley at BYU,” Journal of Mormon History 41, no. 4 (2015): 43–73.

David Rich Lewis, “Skull Valley Goshutes and the Politics of Place, Identity, and Sovereignty in Rural Utah,” in David B. Danbom, ed., Bridging the Distance: Common Issues of the Rural West (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2015), 239–76.

Benjamin Lindquist, “Testimony of the Senses: Latter-day Saints and the Civilized Soundscape,” Western Historical Quarterly 46, no. 1 (2015): 53–74.

Michael R. Polk, “Interpreting Chinese Worker Camps on the Transcontinental Railroad at Promontory Summit, Utah,” Historical Archaeology 49, no. 1 (2015).

Samuel A. Smith, “The Cities of Zion? Mormon and non-Mormon town plans in the U.S. Mountain West, 1847–1930,” Journal of Historical Geography (October 2015).


The Circleville Massacre: A Bibliography

Secondary sources

Culmsee, Carlton. Utah’s Black Hawk War: Lore and Reminiscences of Participants. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1973. (pp. 89-91)

Church Historian’s Office. Circleville Ward manuscript history, LR 1738 2, folder 1, LDS Church History Library.

Fullmer, Rollo L. A History of Circleville, Utah. Self-published, Rollo L. Fullmer, 2003. (pp. 16-23)

Martineau, LaVan. The Southern Paiutes: Legends, Lore, Language, and Lineage. Las Vegas: KC Publications, 1992. (pp. 58-59)

Newell, Linda King. A History of Piute County. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1999. (pp. 82-87)

Peterson, John A. Utah’s Black Hawk War, 1865-1872. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1998. (pp. 243-49)

Weeks, Sue Jensen. How Desolate Our Home Bereft of Thee: James Tillman Sanford Allred and the Circleville Massacre. Melbourne: Clouds of Magellan Press, 2014. (pp. 137-61)

Winkler, Albert. “The Circleville Massacre: A Brutal Incident in the Black Hawk War.” Utah Historical Quarterly 55 (Winter 1987): 4-22.

Primary sources (arranged chronologically)

Journal History, February 18, 1865, letter from Edward Tolton to Deseret News, LDS Church History Library. Tolton provides an update on the Circleville settlement after its first year.

Edward Tolton letter to George A. Smith, March 21, 1865, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library.

Tolton informs Smith that he was elected Probate Judge of Piute County and requests record books and supplies.

Deseret News (Weekly), June 28, 1865, vol. 14: 309. Tolton provides update on the settlement and crops.

Deseret News (Weekly), November 9, 1865, vol. 15: 37. Tolton provides an update on the settlement.

William J. Allred letter to Orson Hyde, November 25, 1865, Brigham Young incoming correspondence, Brigham Young collection, LDS Church History Library. Reports that two-thirds of the cattle in Circleville were stolen by a band of Indians. Men pursued the thieves, and the Indians shot one boy and possibly killed a man that had not been found.

George A. Smith letter to William H. Dame, February 26, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Instructs Dame to have 50-60 men ready at all times to ward off hostile Indians. We wish you to use due diligence to ascertain if a band of hostile Utes is in the vicinity of Circleville or that line of settlements, and if so report the same to us as soon as you can.”

Warren S. Snow letter to George A. Smith, March 14, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Informs Smith of his threats to shoot Sanpitch and his band “for we could not Put up with Killing and steeling enny longer.”

Silas S. Smith letter to George A. Smith, March 29, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Update on his movements in Circleville area.

Silas S. Smith letter to George A. Smith, April 10, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. “Black Hawk is reported to be at East fish lake—if he could be struck before he comences his summer raids he would I think be crippled for the season.”

William H. Dame letter to George A. Smith, April 11, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. “I have just received this by the hand of Bro John Wimmer, and thought it might be of some interest so I forward, it to you.” [The material Dame refers is previous letter from Silas Smith to Dame dated April 10]

Erastus Snow letter to Daniel H. Wells, April 25, 1866, Territorial Militia records, Series 2210, reel 6 item 1524, Utah State Archives. Report on Indian hostilities in southern Utah.

Jesse N. Smith letter to George A. Smith, May 2, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Mentions that “six Indian prisoners at Circleville made a rally on the guards by whom they were all shot down, and none escaped.”

William J. Allred letter to George A. Smith, May 5, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Detailed letter by Allred recounting the massacre and events preceding.

William J. Allred letter to George A. Smith, May 8, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Discusses instructions received from the First Presidency “that every settlement should be vacated” unless they had more than 150 to 500 families. Many of those from small settlements in the county have moved to Circleville.  Wrote to seek counsel about vacating Circleville.

Jesse N. Smith letter to George A. Smith, May 9, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Discusses the option of evacuating Circleville.

Deseret News (Weekly), May 10, 1866, vol. 15: 183. Letter to Deseret News from Edward Tolton requesting additional settlers and improved mail service.Tolton letter to Deseret News dated April 15, 1866. Discusses efforts to build defenses against Indian raids and also requests additional settlers to increase their safety.

Jesse N. Smith letter to George A. Smith, May 14, 1866, George A. Smith papers, LDS Church History Library. Visit to Circleville; plans to hold meeting to encourage Panguitch settlers to move to Circleville.

William B. Pace letter to A. F. Macdonald, May 27, 1866, Territorial Militia records, Series 2210, reel 26 item 855, Utah State Archives. Military movements and strategy in Circleville region.

Erastus Snow letter to Daniel H. Wells, May 28, 1866, Territorial Militia records, Series 2210, reel 6 item 1527, Utah State Archives. Snow reports on what he has learned about the massacre. He writes: “rumor however has reached me only a few days ago of the slaughter of 15 or 18 Piede prisoners at Circleville. Which I suppose must be those, who were arrested and disarmed by Major Allred of which I acquainted you in my letter from Parowan on the 25th inst., which if the reports, which have reached me, be correct, must have taken place about the time I wrote to you, and though it was at that time in my district and part of Col. Dame’s regiment. I know not to this day, why and wherefore they were slain, nor have I ever learned of any accusation against them beyond suspicion of complicity, or of harboring spies from hostile bands, but whether those suspicions were well founded, I know not.”  Said that he left instructions with Colonel William Dame to see that the prisoners were treated kindly.

William J. Allred letter to Jesse N. Smith, June 1, 1866, Territorial Militia records, Series 2210, reel 6 item 1530, Utah State Archives. Discusses having Panguitch settlers moving to Circleville and the anxiety of many Circleville settlers to leave the area.

Jesse N. Smith letter to Warren S. Snow, June 3, 1866, Territorial Militia records, Series 2210, reel 6 item 1530, Utah State Archives. Recommends that a “force should be stationed at Circleville.”

  1. F. Cownover letter to William B. Pace, June 1, 1866, Territorial Militia records, Series 2210, reel 26 item 859, Utah State Archives. Describes the “unsettled condition” amongst Circleville residents and felt that a directive needed to be issued, from a proper source, to prevent a mass evacuation.

John Franklin Tolton, Memories of the Life of John Franklin Tolton, 1887, typescript, MS 4922, LDS Church History Library. Recounts events of the massacre.

Oluf Christian Larsen, Biographical Sketch of the Life of Oluf Christian Larsen, 1916, MS 1646, LDS Church History Library. Recounts events of the massacre.

Miscellaneous sources

Photo of David Monson


Circleville Massacre

Memorial Dedication

Please join us on Friday, April 22, 2016 at 11:00 a.m. for the dedication of a memorial to the Paiute men, women, and children massacred in Circleville on April 22-24, 1866. The dedication will take place in Circleville Memorial Park in Circleville, Utah, where a memorial has been erected to remember the massacre victims.

CONDUCTING/MASTER OF CEREMONY Michael Haaland, Mayor of Circleville
BLESSING AND REMARKS Arthur Richards, Cedar Band, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
SONG Mark Rogers, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
STATEMENT ON HISTORY Jedediah Rogers, Senior State Historian, Utah Division of State History
REMARKS Richard E Turley Jr., Assistant Church Historian, LDS Church History Department
REMARKS Dorena Martineau, Tribal Cultural Resource Officer, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
REMARKS Toni Pikyavit, Koosharem Band, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
CLOSING Mayor Haaland

Governor Declaration

A declaration issued by Utah Governor Gary Herbert recognizes April 22, 2016, as Circleville Massacre Memorial Day.

Brief History of the Massacre


In April 1866, Mormon settlers in Circleville massacred as many as thirty men, women, and children belonging to the Koosharem band of the Paiute tribe.

The massacre occurred in an atmosphere of fear and conflict known as the “Black Hawk War,” a conflict staged primarily between Mormons who, by settling on the best farmlands in central and southern Utah, had cut off Ute access to resources on their traditional homelands. Settlers newly arrived in Circle Valley found themselves in the heart of this conflict. Late in 1865, some Utes raided the town of Circleville—which was ill prepared to defend itself—killing four citizens, including two thirteen-year-old boys, Orson Barney and Ole Heilersen.

Reports had swirled that Paiutes, or Piedes, as they were sometimes called, were in alliance with Utes. A Ute-Paiute alliance seems unlikely; the Ute had long abducted Paiute women and children as part of their slave trade. In 1866 Parowan militia officers decided to “take in all straggling Indians in the vicinity”—Paiutes included—eventually requesting several to come to Fort Sanford, where they were questioned. Fort Sanford, located between Panguitch and Circleville, had been constructed earlier that year as additional protection on the road over the pass to Parowan. The colonizers at Circleville, however, remained ill-prepared to defend against attacks; unlike Marysville to the north, Circleville had no fort or stockade and the houses were too scattered to provide effective protection.

On April 21, an express sent from Fort Sanford to Circleville stated that two formerly friendly Paiutes in the area had shot and wounded a member of the Utah militia. What the dispatch did not report was that one of the Paiutes had already been injured, while the other had been shot and killed by a soldier’s long-range rifle. The fort’s military commander advised settlers at Circleville and Panguitch to disarm the Paiutes encamped near those settlements.

Settlers ​ in Circleville met to decide what course to pursue. They decided to take the Koosharem Band prisoner and sent a messenger to them, directing them to come into town to hear a letter read by the local LDS bishop. Those who complied were directed into the log church meetinghouse. When the settlers told the Paiutes to disarm and they indicated reluctance, the settlers forcefully disarmed them. The local militia quietly surrounded the remaining Paiutes who had refused to come in the first time and directed their prisoners to the meeting house. The men were bound under guard in the church meetinghouse, while the women and children were held in the cellar.

LDS church apostle Erastus Snow received a report from Circleville and returned instructions that the prisoners should be treated kindly and let go unless “hostile or affording aid to the enemy.” The dispatch arrived too late. Unnoticed by the guards, the Paiute men managed to unloose the ropes that bound them. In evening the men sprang upon their captives. In the struggle that followed, the militia men shot and killed all of the Piede Indians. They then proceeded, one at a time, to bring the women and children up from the cellar and to slit their throats. Reportedly, the bodies were taken to the cellar of an unbuilt mill and buried in a mass grave. Three or four children of the Koosharem Band thought too young to bear witness were spared and adopted by local families.


For more information about the massacre, we invite you to this annotated bibliography, which provides both secondary and primary sources of various historical perspectives leading up to the event.



NHPA 50 Year Anniversary

Join the nationwide celebration for the 50th Anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 2016. This Act transformed the face of communities throughout the United States and Utah by establishing a framework and incentives to preserve historic buildings, landscapes, and archaeological sites.  Coordinated through, the nationwide celebration is designed to inform and engage all ages and backgrounds in this significant law’s effects on local communities and history. Since 1966, the NHPA has shaped preservation efforts on America’s history and culture while generating positive social and economic impacts. In 2015, the Utah State Historic Preservation Office (formed in 1973) gathered stakeholders to organize a year of events and to gather engaging stories and media for the celebration.

This website is a portal to a year of events and activities that cover all corners of Utah.

Events Calendar     Media     Preservation Apps     Links     Partners


Shipwreck at the Great Salt Lake



Our Encore series features reprints of classic works published by the Utah State Historical Society. These essays originally appearing in the Utah Historical Quarterly and other publications give a new generation of readers access to engaging historical accounts and histories of the state.

To support research and writing in Utah history and to receive your own copy of the Utah Historical Quarterly, the state’s premier history journal, please consider becoming a member of the Society.

To comment on our Encore series, please contact UHQ co-managing editor Jedediah Rogers at or 801.245.7209.





First published in the fall 1981 issue of the Utah Historical Quarterly, an early account of a winter Brimhall Timpanogosascent of Mt. Timpanogos. Two local men reveled in the challenge and danger of scaling the mount’s face in the snow. After reaching the peak, they slide down the glacier on the mount’s east side, continue to Stewart Ranch (now the location of Robert Redford’s Sundance Resort), and camp at a small resort called Wildwood in Provo Canyon. Accompanying the account are photographs taken by Brimhall and his companion LeGrand Hardy, a 3-D interactive map showing their approximate route, and contemporary photographs of the summit of Timp in winter, courtesy of John Judd.





Echo City Pulpit Rock Union Pacific Railroad 1In an award-winning essay, Robert S. Mikkelsen paints a colorful portrait of life in his hometown, a key refueling railroad stop for locomotives traveling between Ogden, Utah, and Evanston, Wyoming. He revisits childhood memories of playing outdoor games on soot-packed platforms, getting in trouble with track torpedoes instead of fireworks, building forts out of railroad ties, and passing the time “celebrity watching” at the station. Overall, his account provides an interesting insider look at how the Union Pacific steam engine station defined Echo’s cultural, social, and economic experience for nearly a century.





This account by Josiah F. Gibbs is characteristic of the first-person accounts frequently published From left to right: Charles Kelly, Josiah F. Gibbs, Frank Beckwith - at Marysvale, Utah. Josiah F. Gibbs authored a book on the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Frank Beckwith was the editor of the Millard County Chronicle, an archeologist, geologist, and authority on Lake Bonneville. Charles Kelly was a printer, artist, author, historian, the first superintendent of Capitol Reef National Park. in some of the first issues of the Utah Historical Quarterly describing events in Utah’s frontier history. Gibbs’ remembrances are one man’s recollections of a complex and sometimes strained relationship between Mormon white settlers and the Indian peoples who had long inhabited the Great Basin. Note that some language in this piece–for example, “savage,” “redmen”–are dated and offensive, and simply reflect Gibbs sensibilities at the time of his writing.

Creating Greater Salt Lake: History, Landscape, Urban Design


Save the Date
Friday, May 13, 2016, 9–4 p.m.
Salt Lake City Public Library
Nancy Tessman Auditorium
210 East 400 South



This one-day interdisciplinary event aims to examine the historical dimensions, design elements, power relationships, and legal and bureaucratic scaffolding that have shaped Utah’s capital city and urban corridor.


We invite practitioners of history, historic preservation, urban planning, land and water management, and other related fields, as well as activists, neighborhood and city councils, planning commissioners, journalists, and the public, to join us for a free symposium exploring the Greater Salt Lake landscape and built environment.


  • We will consider the role of ideas, laws, bureaucracies, and intellectual designs on urban design and transportation;
  • The impact of architecture and design on political, cultural, racial, and other power structures
  • The design, alteration, management, destruction, regulation, and sustainability of a valued natural resource on the landscape; and
  • The challenges and promises of re-imagining and recreating a place where we live, work, and play.


Needham photoWe are very happy to announce Andrew Needham of New York University as the symposium’s keynote speaker.

Beyond the Metropolis: Remapping American Urban History

What are the boundaries of metropolitan America? Scholars have long used the Census Bureau’s unit of Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) to understand the historical changes and social dynamics associated with metropolitan growth. In his talk, Andrew Needham, an award-winning urban and environmental historian, will map the effects of metropolitan growth beyond the expected borders of urban history. His address will suggest how expanding the geographic scale of metropolitan history produces new stories about the far reaching changes to human and natural landscapes wrought by the urbanization of the American West and the United States at large.


Transportation and Urban Design: A discussion of the factors—such as laws, technology, population growth, economic pressures, and underlying assumptions—that have affected the development of transit and urban development in Salt Lake City’s greater downtown area.

Water and the Unsustainable Landscape: An exploration of the role of a dwindling natural resource on the built environment. From the lofty Wasatch Mountains to the Great Salt Lake, water has shaped and dictated human interaction on the eastern edge of the Great Basin, contributing to large-scale and perhaps in some cases unsustainable manipulation of the landscape.

Architecture and Power: An examination of the power dynamics reflected in Salt Lake City’s historic and modern architecture. The panel will juxtapose the Salt Lake Temple and the City and County Building, the LDS Conference Center and the Salt Lake City Library, City Creek and the Gateway—buildings and campuses that visually and geographically reflect religious and secular forces at play in Utah’s capital city.

This symposium, presented by the Utah State Historical Society and Utah Historical Quarterly, is free and open to the public but registration is requested. There is a cost for parking in the library parking garage.




The program acknowledges the centennial anniversary of Utah’s State Capital building and the fiftieth anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act.

For additional information, contact Jedediah Rogers (, co-managing editor, Utah Historical Quarterly.

Sponsors for this event are Utah Humanities, American West Center at the University of Utah, and Department of History at the University of Utah


Questions? Comments? Contact Jedediah Rogers at 801-245-7209 or


State History – Internship

YMCA_Gym_GroupInternship Opportunities

The Utah Division of State History (UDSH) and the Utah State Historical Society (USHS) offer internship opportunities for select university or college students. Hours for interns are dictated by the sponsoring institution, but the schedule of those hours can be negotiated on a case-by-case basis.  Applicants are encouraged to be at least in their third year of undergraduate work. Recent college or university graduates or master’s students are also encouraged to apply. Interns are not paid but may receive college credit.

To apply for an internship at the UDSH, please submit your application.


Candidates must submit their information by December 1st for the winter term (January to April), by April 1st for the summer term (May to August), and August 1st for the fall term (September to December).

For more information or to answer questions, please contact Kevin Fayles at 801.245.7254 or


Commitment and Reliability

UDSH/USHS internships can substantially benefit from a professional internship experience; State History depends greatly on interns to enhance the programs of the UDSH. Once you have accepted an internship, you become an integral part of State History. It is important that you commit to the internship.

Essential Functions

  • Work closely with and assist UDSH staff and other interns.
  • Plan and implement assignments or projects.
  • Regularly recording and reporting of your activities.
  • Interact with staff, interns and the public in a courteous, prompt ad professional manner.


  • Commitment to the many fields and professions in and around history, archaeology, historic preservation, library and archives.
  • Flexibility to make changes and support the programs as needed.
  • Strong communication and organizational skills.
  • Commitment to the state schedule.
  • Maintain a professional appearance and attitude.

Brief Descriptions of Internships

Archaeology Section: Interns for this program are generally limited to those students interesting in pursuing a career path in archaeology or anthropology. Past intern projects included summarizing the known archaeological information for select counties into a publishable paper, pulling together and summarizing thematically linked archaeological information (such as Uranium mining in Grand County or prehistoric use of the Great Salt Lake islands), assisting with archaeological National Register nominations, records management, and a host of other topics.


Interns for this program will provide support to State History’s administrative staff in a wide variety of tasks and special projects. Examples include assisting with meetings and special events, including the annual history conference. Interns will also assist in gathering historical information and photographs to enhance communicating State History’s programs.

Cemeteries & Burials

Interns for this program will help gather data from cemeteries through approved sources.

Historic Preservation

Interns for this program will help develop resources related to researching, surveying, designating and treating historic buildings and structures.

Library & Collections

Interns in this program will assist  staff in using resources to answer customer questions, refilling collection materials, update records, assist with collection processing, and preparing materials for public access.

Utah Historical Quarterly

Interns will assist with fact-checking and researching historiography for articles, drafting book notices, developing online resources, pursuing marketing and partnership efforts for the UHQ, and assisting with special events.

Utah History Day

Interns will assist with preparing materials and problem-solving for regional and state student competitions as well as the state competition.