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Veterans Utah History Project

ww2-vet-photo

Where were you when WWII ended?

The Division of State History and the Utah Department of Veterans & Military Affairs have joined together on the Veterans Utah History Project.

Whether you are a WWII veteran and want to document and share your experiences and memories or you want to volunteer to interview a WWII veteran there are opportunities to participate.

Visit the Utah Department of Veterans & Military Affairs website to learn more and get involved to collect, document and archive this important part of our history.

UHQ Summer 2015 Web Supplements

1_MolokansA Conversation with Marshall E. Bowen on Russian Molokans in Box Elder County, Utah

Marshall E. Bowen, “The Russian Molokans of Park Valley”

In this Q&A we asked Marshall Bowen about the brief tenure of the Molokans in Park Valley and the process of uncovering their history.

 


2_Hill-CreekThe Hill Creek Extension: A Portfolio of Primary Documents

Kathryn MacKay, “The Uncompahgre Reservation and the Hill Creek Extension”

We offer faithful reproductions of some of the BIA records that MacKay used to detail the Ute Tribe’s long struggle to secure the Hill Creek Extension.

 


3_women-inventorsEarly Utah Women Inventors: A Conversation with Christine Cooper-Rompato

Christine Cooper-Rompato, “Women Inventors in Utah Territory”

We sat down with Christine Cooper-Rompato to discuss her research on Utah’s nineteenth-century women inventors. Click here for the audio of our conversation. We also provide links to many of the patents filed by these inventors.


4_wedding-dressThe Carol Carlisle Summer Wedding Dress Collection: A Photo Gallery

The Carol Carlisle Summer Wedding Dress Collection: A Photo Essay

Check out beautiful color photos from the wedding dress collection housed at the Utah State Historical Society. Photographs by Anna Oldroyd.

 


5_indian-vocabulariesUte and Shoshone Vocabularies

Found: Rare First Edition of the Earliest Ute and Shoshone Vocabulary

In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries a number of Ute and Shoshone vocabularies were published in Utah. We provide links to the three editions of Dimick Baker Huntington, as well as volumes produced by Joseph A. Gebow, George W. Hill, and Ralph V. Chamberlin. Digitized copies courtesy of the LDS Church History Department.

 

World War II Honor List

The End of World War II in Images

Taken on August 14, 1945, the following images taken in downtown Salt Lake City are from the Salt Lake Tribune Collection housed at the Utah State Historical Society. Gathered by Ron Fox, these photos capture the emotion felt as Japan surrendered.

Click here for Utah’s World War II “Honor List of Dead and Missing,” which was published by the War Department in June 1946. This report also lists each Utahn casualty by name, according to their county of residence.

 

UHQ Winter 2015 Web Supplements

UHQ Interviews: Utah Historiography

Robert Parson, “Neither Poet Nor Prophet: S. George Ellsworth and the History of Utah,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 6-19

Utah-HeritageAccompanying Robert Parson’s article on the historian S. George Ellsworth, we offer conversations with the noted historians and archivists Gary Topping and Robert Parson on the historiography of Utah, as well as selected accompanying documents, including letters from Ellsworth on the writing of Utah’s Heritage and a diary excerpt from Leonard Arrington on the founding of the Western Historical Quarterly.

 

 


Charcoal Kilns: A Photo Gallery

Douglas H. Page Jr., et al., “Charcoal and Its Role in Utah Mining History,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 20-37

The winter 2 Three Kilns Spring 015  UHQ introduces readers to the dozens of charcoal kilns, now abandoned, that dot the Utah landscape. These kilns are visible reminders of a once profitable and ubiquitous industry. They are also a remarkable visual display, revealing the kiln’s unique and varied designs and the often remarkable craftsmanship that went into their construction. We thank Doug Page, a retired forester, for providing the text and photos.

 


Gallery of Female Imagery in Advertisements

Kathryn L. MacKay, “The Chocolate Dippers’ Strike of 1910,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 38-51

chocolate boxes

With publication of MacKay’s article on chocolate dippers we present historical advertisements using women and their bodies to sell goods and projects. These images are housed at the collections of Utah State Historical Society.

 

 

 


Sounds of the Cathedral

Gary Topping, “Transformation of the Cathedral: An Interview with Gregory Glenn,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 59-69

Gary Topping, archivist of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salt Lake City, unearthed an LP of the Cathedral Madeline choir in 1960. We converted the songs to a digital format and make them available here.

 

 

UHQ Spring 2015 Web Supplements

1-WebSupAlmon Babbitt and Early Utah Politics: A Portfolio of Documents

Bruce Worthen, “‘Zachary Taylor Is Dead and in Hell and I Am Glad of It!’: The Political Intrigues of Almon Babbitt,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Spring 2015): 84-97.

Here we offer faithful reproductions of some of the primary documents Worthen used to construct his analysis of behind-the-scenes political wrangling of Almon Babbitt, the Mormon’s ambitious State of Deseret designee in Washington, D.C. leading to the creation of Utah Territory in 1850. These letters, minutes of meetings, and official documents that recreate the shadowy deals and positioning that ultimately put Utah on the political map. We also provide short biographies of important political individuals and political cartoons from the era.


 Folklore and History: An Interview with Steve Siporin2-6

Steve Siporin, “A Bear and a Bandit,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Spring 2015): 98-114.

We spoke with Siporin, a professor of folklore at Utah State University, about the stories of Old Ephraim and Dominenci Tiburzi and the marriage between folklore and history. Siporin reminds us that humans are natural-born storytellers, and that “we are always, subconsciously perhaps, aiming towards a more meaningful and artistic story because it’s about communication about past experience. It’s not always about literal truth.” Click here for the audio and transcript of our conversation.


3-4Southeastern Utah Missile Launches

Robert McPherson, “Desert Cold Warriors: Southeastern Utah’s Fight against Communism, 1951–1981,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Spring 2015): 116-31.

See the following links for resources on southeastern Utah missile launches during the Cold War: Robert McPherson’s interview with Rudy Alonzo, who was in the tracking station south of Blanding following the missiles fired from Green River; “The Athena That Got Away,” regarding the missile that landed in Mexico; and Jim Stiles’s “The Last Flight of Felon 22” for information the crash of Felon 22 in 1961; and the White Sands Missile Range newspapers Wind and Sand (1950 to 1969) and Missile Ranger (1969 to 1990), online searchable archives, at http://www.wsmrhistoric.com/.


 Extended Photo Gallery of the Green River Launch Complex4-11_metal-slides

“The Green River Launch Complex: A Photo Essay,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 132-41.

We publish here additional historic and contemporary photos of the Green River Launch Complex. The contemporary photos are complements of Chris Merritt, Chris Hansen, and Cory Jensen.

 

UHQ Winter 2015 Supplements

 

UHQ Interviews: Utah Historiography

Robert Parson, “Neither Poet Nor Prophet: S. George Ellsworth and the History of Utah,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 6-19

Utah-HeritageAccompanying Robert Parson’s article on the historian S. George Ellsworth, we offer conversations with the noted historians and archivists Gary Topping and Robert Parson on the historiography of Utah, as well as selected accompanying documents, including letters from Ellsworth on the writing of Utah’s Heritage and a diary excerpt from Leonard Arrington on the founding of the Western Historical Quarterly.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Charcoal Kilns: A Photo Gallery

Douglas H. Page Jr., et al., “Charcoal and Its Role in Utah Mining History,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 20-37

The winter 2Three Kilns Spring015 UHQ introduces readers to the dozens of charcoal kilns, now abandoned, that dot the Utah landscape. These kilns are visible reminders of a once profitable and ubiquitous industry. They are also a remarkable visual display, revealing the kiln’s unique and varied designs and the often remarkable craftsmanship that went into their construction. We thank Doug Page, a retired forester, for providing the text and photos.

 


 

Gallery of Female Imagery in Advertisements

Kathryn L. MacKay, “The Chocolate Dippers’ Strike of 1910,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 38-51

chocolate boxes

With publication of MacKay’s article on chocolate dippers we present historical advertisements using women and their bodies to sell goods and projects. These images are housed at the collections of Utah State Historical Society.

 

 


 

Sounds of the Cathedral

Gary Topping, “Transformation of the Cathedral: An Interview with Gregory Glenn,” Utah Historical Quarterly 83 (Winter 2015): 59-69

Gary Topping, archivist of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salt Lake City, unearthed an LP of the Cathedral Madeline choir in 1960. We converted the songs to a digital format and make them available here.

 

 

 

UHQ Fall 2014 Web Extras

UHQ_Mowry-mapMormon and Federal Indian Policy: A Portfolio of Primary Documents

Here we offer faithful reproductions of some of the primary documents Rogers used to construct his analysis of Indian policy in “A ‘distinction between Mormons and Americans’: Mormon Indian Missionaries, Federal Indian Policy, and the Utah War,” published in the fall 2014 issue of the Utah Historical Quarterly. These records—acts of Congress, letters, speeches, etc.—reveal the tension between Indian agents and LDS church leaders over compliance with federal Indian policy.

 


 

UHQ_Utah_State_Penitentiary--Sugar_House_p.18_No.21442_Oct._21,_1887(2)An Interview with Noel Carmack and Connell O’Donovan on the 1855 murder of Isaac Whitehouse in Parowan, Utah, and the Art of Historical Storytelling

The current UHQ examines the sad story of Isaac Whitehouse, a boy with disabilities who suffered terrible abuse—and, on one fall evening in 1855, a violent death—at the hands of his caretakers. Noel Carmack documents the injustices of the case: following his conviction for the boy’s murder, Samuel G. Baker served only two months in the territorial penitentiary after being pardoned by Brigham Young—a move Judge William Drummond found to be an affront to the rule of law in Utah. But Carmack reveals complex forces at work in the case and raises interesting, and surprising, questions about the intersection of religion, community, and domestic responsibility in early Utah.

Here we present the audio recording and transcript of a conversation between two historians who have examined this story in great detail—Noel Carmack, author of the article published in the current issue of the UHQ, and Connell O’Donovan, author of “The 1855 Murder of Isaac Whitehouse in Parowan, Utah,” published in the fall 2014 issue of the Journal of Mormon History. The conversation—the first of what we hope becomes a regular series of authors’ interviews produced and recorded by UHQ editors—took place on August 5, 2014, at the Rio Grande Building in Salt Lake City.

 


 

UHQ_Spring-Water-Woods-CrossWater: Records in the Utah State Historical Society and at the Utah State Archives 

With publication of an article on water conflict in Rush Valley, based on the journal of Israel Bennion, housed at the LDS Church History Library, we developed a curiosity for water use records at the Utah State Historical Society and the Utah State Archives. The following is an annotated list of water district records, journals, correspondence, water filings, and other collections that speak to the importance of water as the lifeblood of the West.

 


 

UHQ_Camp_Floyd_p.10_No.2906

Ute Photographs 

To complement the article on Ute face recognition using Google Picasa, we publish here a number of Ute photographs from our research library. Although we do not use Picasa, we gathered as much contextual information as we could find to identify individuals in the photos.

 

 

 

National Register Nominations | September 2014

In October 2014, the Board of State History, for the Utah Division of State History, will review five (5) nominations to the National Register. These nominations are:

John & Margaret Price House in Salt Lake City


Murray City Diesel Power Plant in Murray


Rawsel & Jane Bradford House in Murray


James & Mary Jane Miller House in Murray


John & Sarah Jane Wayman House in Centerville


The Board of State History meets on October 17, 2014. These meetings are public. To view or print the meeting agenda, please visit the Board of State History on this web site. Please note: agenda for October 2014 may be delayed due to the production of the sixty-second annual Utah State History conference.

Utah’s Latest Additions to the National Register

Check out the latest historic properties in Utah listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Moon House Complex, San Juan County; Ballard-Sego Coalmine Historic District; Myton Presbyterian Church, Myton, Duchesne County; Harold & Evelyn Burton House, Holladay; the Provo U.S. Post Office, Provo; River Heights Sinclair Station, River Heights, Cache County; and Shem Dam, Washington County.


Moon House Complex
San Juan County

Statement of Significance: The Moon House Complex in San Juan County, Utah, with a construction date beginning c.1240, is significant under Criterion A for its association with the Social History of the late Pueblo III period in the Western Mesa Verde area, Northern San Juan Basin region. This canyon site represents the only example of community level integration on Cedar Mesa, a significant event in Northern San Juan Basin prehistory prior to regional depopulation. Pristine architecture provides a well-preserved momentary or synchronic aspect of a small village site at abandonment, a critical period in northern Southwestern prehistory.
The Moon House Complex is also significant under criterion C in the areas of Architecture and Art for its representation of both Mesa Verde and Kayenta architectural styles, community planning and layout, and rock art. The site provides one of the finest examples of Puebloan architecture in southeastern Utah given its varied methods of construction, workmanship, and degree of preservation. The complex is also significant under criterion C under Art. The mural art depicted at the Moon House has been described as unique (Carr 2008), and represents a significant example of Pueblo III iconography. The Moon House Complex is significant under criterion D in the research areas of Community Planning and Development, Architecture, Prehistoric Archaeology, Art, Ethnic Heritage, and Religion. Specifically, the complex has the potential to provide significant additional information for addressing the development of late Pueblo III communities, the social dynamics of aggregation and abandonment, the role of kivas and public architecture, site layout and planning, architectural design and remodeling, agricultural intensification and storage architecture, ceremonial practices or religion, and archaeology. Architectural studies and ceramic analysis may provide significant information on regional relationships between the Western and Central Mesa Verde traditions and between the Mesa Verde and Kayenta Traditions of southwest Colorado and northern Arizona, respectively.
Furthermore, the site possesses integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association with an Ancestral Puebloan village site. Location, setting, and feeling are preserved within the Cedar Mesa Special Management Area, a primitive backcountry area set aside for its significant Ancestral Puebloan prehistory. Design, materials, and workmanship of the architecture and mural art remain nearly pristine from its protection within a canyon alcove setting. Unlike the ruins preserved at Mesa Verde National Park and elsewhere, the Moon House has never been subject to reconstruction or invasive preservation measures. Because it is nominated under several eligibility criteria, some of which possess thematic elements that represent prehistoric phenomena affecting a multi-state region of the Southwest Culture Area, the Moon House Complex is nominated at the national level of significance, with a period of significance dating from 1240-1270.

Read the full nomination:
Moon House Complex_Redacted


Ballard-Sego Coalmine Historic District
Grand County

Statement of Significance: The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine Historic District in Grand County, Utah has statewide significance under Criterion A, B and D in the context of coal mining in the Intermountain West. It is a complex archaeological and architectural site that relates to and can provide information regarding exploration and development of extractive coal mines and mining townsites throughout the region. The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine was active between 1900 and 1954, the period of significance, with its primary period of productivity between 1912 and 1949, while it was served by the Thompson-Ballard railroad spur. The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine is one of only three Utah coal mines outside Carbon County, Utah. It is a pristine archaeological example of coal mining industrial and community development, as it existed only during coal mining operations and has not had additional development in the decades since the mine closed. The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine is significant under Criterion A for above and below ground remains of early twentieth century coal mining and associated mining operations. The mine is also significant under Criterion A for its exceptionally rare and unique mix of vernacular dugouts, single miner cabins and non-company housing as well as more typical company-constructed housing and commercial buildings. The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine is the both the best example in Utah, and only example outside Carbon County of such mixed construction. The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine is significant under Criterion A for its historically rich and diverse ethnic heritage. Like other coal mining towns in the region, the Ballard-Sego Coal Mine supported a large, segregated ethnic population, including a long-term Japanese community, unusual in the Intermountain Region. The Ballard-Sego Coal Mine is significant under Criterion B for its association with prominent regional rancher, merchant and explorer Henry (Harry) G. Ballard. Harry Ballard rose from an immigrant range-hand to become an explorer with the 1889-90 Robert Stanton Colorado River Survey and later an influential businessman and developer. Harry Ballard both founded the nearby town of Thompson’s Spring and patented and developed the Ballard-Sego Coal mine. The site is also significant under Criterion D for its potential ability to provide archaeological evidence of its rich physical and cultural history. Although it has few standing buildings, the Ballard-Sego Coal Mine is one of the best preserved early coal mining developments in Utah, with visible remnants of major coal mining features, roads, and vernacular and planned residential and commercial buildings. The identified archaeological artifacts are well preserved due to the site’s isolation and dry climate, and further exploration should yield an even better understanding of early 20th century coal mining operations in the Intermountain Region and the lives of miners and their families

Read the full nomination: This nomination is not available for publication.

 


Harold W. & Evelyn Burton House
Holladay, Salt Lake County

Statement of Significance: The Harold W. and Evelyn Burton House, constructed in 1923 in Holladay, Utah, is locally significant under Criterion B in the area of Architecture.  The period of significance reflects the time that the Burtons occupied the house, 1923 through 1930.  The house was designed by and was the primary residence for Harold W. Burton, his wife Evelyn, and their four children.  Harold Burton was a prominent architect in Utah at the time.  His wife, Evelyn, was active in developing Gilmer Park Subdivision, now listed as a part of the Gilmer Park Historic District.  She was also one of the principal owners of that project.  Burton’s firm, Pope & Burton, designed several significant and iconic buildings in Utah and the region during the time he lived in the house.  Because of health reasons he moved to California in 1930 where he continued to design many temples and meetinghouses for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) in the U.S. and Canada during his prolific career.  He ultimately moved back to Utah and became the Chief Supervising Architect for the LDS Church, so his influence is felt worldwide in the buildings he designed and projects he supervised. Although much of his work of importance continued after he moved from here, this house is the best preserved of his residences in Utah., the others having been impacted by a loss of historical integrity. For this reason, the Harold Burton House is significant and eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places.

Read the full nomination:
UT_Salt Lake County_Harold & Evelyn Burton House


U.S. Post Office, Provo
Provo, Utah County

Statement of Significance: The U. S. Post Office qualifies for the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion C at the local level of significance. Its period of significance is its construction date, 1937, onto the date of its addition in 1966. Alterations are evident but kept this building a viable asset and the building has retained its architectural integrity.
For these reasons, the building remains integrity under Criterion C as the renovations it has undergone have maintained its distinctive character both on the interior and exterior, and the property continues to possess distinctive characteristics of the period and features prominent art in the conserved mural done under the WPA.
The rear addition to the building is very sympathetic in design, since particular attention was given to the use of materials and design that conform to the original plan and thus it does not make a significant impact. A single score line distinguishes old work from new. Minor decorative changes were only made to the main elevation for purposes of renaming, and in 2015 an accessibility ramp was added to the main elevation in compliance with the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Standard (ABAAS).
The building is a Provo landmark, designed by Joseph Nelson, a very distinguished Provo architect, utilizing the Public Works Administration Moderne style favored for public buildings in the 1930s, particularly those built under the aegis of the Supervising Architect’s Office, the Treasury Department. The subject building has a Works Progress Administration mural by Utah artist Everett Clark Thorpe that demonstrates the democratic intent of the Roosevelt administration to utilize federal funds to bring work to local artists and builders throughout the Great Depression years.

Read the full nomination:
UT_Utah County_US Post Office Provo


River Heights Sinclair Station
River Heights, Cache County

Statement of Significance: The River Heights Sinclair Station, built in 1950, is locally significant under Criterion A for its association with the development of River Heights, Utah in the mid-twentieth century. Under Criterion A in the area of Transportation, the building is significant as the only service station ever constructed in the small rural community of River Heights. The period of significance is
1950 to 1967 (fifty years ago). For the first fifteen years the service station was operated by Oral Stirland, who leased the building from long-term owners, Newell Lavon Fuhriman and his son, Newell Dean Fuhriman. It was later operated by Karl Bindrup between 1965 and 1975.
Oral Stirland’s Sinclair Station was primarily an automobile fuel and repair facility, but in the mid- 1960s Karl Bindrup provided additional services such as tractor, lawnmower and small engine
repairs. Bindrup’s Sinclair Station was a gathering spot. He stocked penny candy for the
children after the community’s only general store closed down. The Sinclair Station provided a vital service to the citizens of River Heights who, like most of America, had increased their reliance on the automobile after World War II. The service station was particularly important when the rainstorms overwhelmed the only bridge between River Heights and the larger city of Logan. During rising flood levels, having a local fuel stop was particularly important as the only alternate routes to work places, shopping centers, medical facilities, and the regional high school or state college in Logan were quite lengthy. As the only real commercial building in town, it was architecturally unique in contrast to the residential construction. After serving for decades as a service station, the building was later used as a boat shop and was used as a residence for a few years in the 1990s. The building is currently used as a studio by a local photographer. The River Heights Station is a contributing historic commercial resource in this small residential community.

Read the full nomination:
UT_Cache County_ River Heights Sinclair Station


Shem Dam
Ivins Vicinity, Washington County

Statement of Significance: Shem Dam, located in Washington County, Utah, and constructed in 1934–1935, is historicallysignificant at the state level under Criteria A and C. It is significant under Criterion A in the area of Social History for its association with the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), a federal program that gave jobs to thousands of unemployed young men in Utah during the Great Depression. CCC crews worked on diverse flood-control, erosion-control, and other conservation projects throughout the state, and Shem Dam is a monument to the accomplishments of the CCC
in Utah. The dam is significant under Criterion C in the area of Engineering because it embodies a distinctive method of construction developed by a Utah engineer for economical flood-control structures in a mountainous agricultural region. The period of significance for Shem Dam is 1934–1958, which begins with construction of the dam at Shem and ends the year the dam was repaired for a second time under Winsor’s supervision, following flood damage. A major flood in 2011 badly damaged the dam once again, prompting the Shem Dam Rehabilitation Project, an undertaking of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. Rehabilitation of the dam, completed in 2015, changed the design of the spillway by partially eliminating the original central arch design, but the massive abutments of the dam and the adjacent portions of the spillway retain their original design, materials, and appearance, giving the dam historic integrity.

Read the full nomination: This nomination is not available for publication



The National Register of Historic Places is the official federal list of properties that are significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, or engineering.

How can I get a house or building listed? (and other frequently asked questions)