Volume 83, Number 3 (Summer Issue):
Published since 1928, the Utah Historical Quarterly is the state’s premier history journal and the source for reliable, engaging Utah history. Join the Historical Society for your own copy.
Each issue of the Utah Historical Quarterly is accompanied with rich web supplements that introduce readers to sources, photos, interviews, and other engaging material. These “extras” are located at history.utah.gov/uhqextras.
WEB EXTRAS: See here
IN THIS ISSUE
The Russian Molokans of Park Valley
By Marshall E. Bowen
The Uncompahgre Reservation and the Hill Creek Extension
By Kathryn L. MacKay
Women Inventors in Utah Territory
By Christine Cooper-Rompato
The Carol Carlisle Summer Wedding Dress Collection
A Photo Essay
Found: Rare First Edition of the Earliest Ute and Shoshone Vocabulary
By Richard E. Turley Jr. and Brent M. Rogers
In 1976, the Utah State Historical Society published The Peoples of Utah, a groundbreaking work edited by Helen Z. Papanikolas. In it, Papanikolas and others conveyed the breadth of Utah’s past by recounting the history of some of the state’s ethnic groups—the “pioneers of many cultural strains.” This year, the historical society is revisiting the question of diversity in Utah with an annual conference focused on the theme of “Deep Roots, Many Voices: Exploring Utah’s Multicultural Past.” The summer 2015 issue of Utah Historical Quarterly is part of that exploration.
The arid, expansive landscape of western Box Elder County was once home to an unlikely group of settlers: members of the Russian nonconformist sect known as the Molokans. Persecuted in their own land, the Molokans scouted for places to live in North America, eventually coming in the thousands to California, Arizona, Mexico, Washington State, and—for a time—Park Valley, Utah. In the mid-1910s, at least twenty-seven Molokan families settled and stayed there for a year or more. The opening article in this issue brings the insights of geography to the account of the Park Valley Molokans and traces the experiences of five families before and after their sojourn in Utah. Though the Molokans might have seemed homogenous to outsiders, Marshall E. Bowen writes that “they did not all worship in the same way,” and they followed “diverse paths” throughout their lives.
In another corner of the state, Ute bands in Utah occupied the Uintah Reservation, created in 1861, while Utes in Colorado were removed to the adjacent Uncompahgre Reservation near the Green and White rivers. Reservation lands represented a fraction of the Northern Utes’ aboriginal territory. Still, no sooner had Congress created the Uncompahgre Reservation for Colorado Utes in 1882 that it also begin to consider dividing reservation lands into private land holdings—allotments—for individual Indians. In 1897, Congress opened unalloted lands of the Uncompahgre Reservation to white entry. Our second article details the twentieth-century struggle of the Ute people to win back lands within the boundaries of the 1882 Uncompahgre Reservation. Although the Hill Creek Extension—passed by the Congress in 1948—did not return to the Utes the full acreage, the addition represented a hard-won victory for Utes and employees of the Bureau of Indian Affairs working to undo the damage that opening the reservation had on the tribe and its traditions.
Much of the scholarship about nineteenth-century American women considers their place in the so-called public and private spheres, or, put differently, how society limited the activities of women. The third article adds to the discussion by approaching the past with a specific question: how many women in Utah Territory were granted patents in their own names. It finds that five Utah women successfully patented an invention during this era. The inventions were as individual as their creators, and they serve as evidence that at least some Utah women participated in the world of nineteenth-century business and that a host of people laid the foundations of modern Utah.
The cover of this issue features the wedding dresses of a great-aunt, a mother, and her daughter, material representations of the lives of three women from three disparate moments in the twentieth century. The issue’s fourth piece tells the stories behind these and other dresses that belong to the Carol Carlisle Summer Collection—a group of objects and documents that provides a glimpse into more than one hundred years of history of an extended family.
From material evidence about the lives of women we move to a recently rediscovered artifact of Native-white interactions in territorial Utah. Dimick B. Huntington was a nineteenth-century Mormon missionary with a skill for regional Native languages; in 1853, Huntington prepared and published a Ute and Shoshone vocabulary. For some time, this 1853 edition of the vocabulary was believed to be no longer extant. The final piece in the issue tells the story of how it resurfaced.
Paul T. Nelson, Wrecks of Human Ambition: A History of Utah’s Canyon Country to 1936. Reviewed by Robert S. McPherson
Michael L. Tate, ed. The Great Medicine Road: Narratives of the Oregon, California, and the Mormon Trails. Reviewed by F. Ross Peterson
Julie Debra Neuffer, Helen Andelin and the Fascinating Womanhood Movement. Reviewed by Charlotte Hansen Terry
Susan E. Gray and Gayle Gullett, eds. Continent Maps: Rethinking Western Women’s History and the North American West. Reviewed by Stephanie Fuglaar Statz
Michael W. Homer, Joseph’s Temples: The Dynamic Relationship between Freemasonry and Mormonism. Reviewed by Brady G. Winslow
Gerald R. Clark, Supplying Custer: The Powder River Supply Depot, 1876
Dick Johnston, Won’t Quit: An Escalante Love Story
Norma R. Dalton and Alene Dalton, Images of America: Nine Mile Canyon
Julius C. Birge and Barbara B. Birge, The Awakening of the Desert: An Adventure-Filled Memoir of the Old West
Linda Dunning, Away from the Fold: An Encyclopedia of Utah Performers, vols. 1 and 2