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Leon Kneipp 1932 Address

Ogden, Utah

July 11, 1932



“Assistant Forester L.F. Kneipp is very much interested in making National Forest recreation resources play a more definite part in the economic and social welfare of tributary communities and of the nation at large. I know you will be interested in his discussion before the Regional Office personnel on July 5.


‘Recreation in the National Forests is becoming something more than just a fad and plays a definite part in the economic and social welfare of thousands of small towns adjacent to National Forests. Recreation has a very important place in National Forest management and recreation areas should be managed in such a way as to in every way possible work toward the betterment of humanity. Recreation lands are a resource; parts of cities or whole communities find their whole livelihood dependent upon recreation. In Wisconsin, the summer tourist trade brings to the State over $100,000,000 each year.

‘Region 4 has many wonderfully beautiful areas fully comparable to those in any other part of the country. If the people who pass through this country each year, en route to the West Coast, could be induced to spend two or three days longer visiting those attractions, several million dollars would be contributed by them to the Intermountain Region.

‘Recreation today is not an idle dream. It is a cold-blooded business proposition on one hand and a definite social service on the other. With more leisure hours, which the public generally is experiencing, comes the opportunity for more travel and play. Today people are exchanging money for recreation the same as they would for railroad ties or wool. It is the duty of all Forest officers to make the National Forests contribute to the fullest degree, both economically and socially, to the recreation resource. It is not a side issue or a fad, but a very definite and rapidly growing means of community livelihood.

‘The fact that a good many Congressmen and influential people in the east believe that all scenic areas with outstanding features should come under the administration of the National Park Service, makes it necessary that the Forest Service show the public it is just as capable of administering those areas for the good of the public interest as is the Park Service. The same is true of Forest Service highways, which in the opinion of some should be under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Public Roads or the Western Highway Commission. It must be shown on the ground that we are fully appreciative of what is expected of us. This has not been done. Eye-sores exist throughout the National Forests. We must realize that unless we change our past practices we are open to attack; we must realize what the requirements are and meet them as fully and as quickly as possible. When we see we are overlooking a chance for betterment or improvement, every effort should be made to make that improvement. We are judged by what the public sees on its trips through our National Forests. If our campgrounds are littered, garbage cans overturned, signs of all descriptions posted on roadside stores or service stations, resort premises untidy, a bad impression is given and the Service consequently suffers. One remedy for this is to be more exacting in our requirements in the beginning. Care should be taken in granting permits, to make sure the applicant is the right type of person to run a resort, service station, keep up a summer home, etc.

‘Of course, lack of funds is a great handicap, because all necessary and desirable improvements on recreation areas cannot be made without money. But even with this handicap, more could be done to do away with some of the unsightly conditions which now exist on the National Forests, not only in this Region but throughout the entire Forest Service. There is already a keen appreciation of this need, as evidenced by fact that the Bureau of the Budget approved increasing the $67,000 S. & F. P. appropriation to $90,000 for this fiscal year, although it was later cut back to last year’s figure by Congress.

‘All Forest officers could do more if they would so make up their minds. They must be willing to spend more time on campgrounds. This can no doubt be accomplished by a little rearrangement of other jobs of high priority and by a little initiative on the part of the Forest officers until such a time as funds become available.

‘The public has a great interest in this recreation resource and will support expenditures for it. The average man will not worry a great deal if you tell him his timber supply is being exhausted, but just tell him that his fishing streams are drying up or that the trees of his favorite campgrounds are being killed and he will soon take notice and lend his support to remedy the situation.

‘In order to get the best results in issuing permits, such as permits for summer home communities and for resorts, a thorough study should be made to make sure the sites selected are adapted to the particular kind of use for which they are selected. More time should be devoted to actually planning the occupancy under special use and to laying out campgrounds. Greater care should be given to the selection of campgrounds, and the applicants who are to manage hotels, resorts, etc., should be fully informed in order to get them to realize just what the right kind of supervision means, both to themselves and to the Forest Service.’

Mr. Kneipp has given us a viewpoint which I think each Forest Officer in Region 4 will want to acquire. We do not want to imitate the National Park Service, but we have an opportunity to develop a recreational policy of our own which will be unique and fit in admirably with the everyday social and economic life of the day.”

[signed] C. B. Morse, Acting Regional Forester


Chester B. Morse, Acting Regional Forester, Ogden, Utah, to “Forest Officer,” July 11, 1932, in Thomas G. Alexander, “Region IV Forest Service Research Collection,” MSS 1609 Box 57 fd. 46, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

Documents from the Creation of Cedar Breaks National Monument

On August 22, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a proclamation creating a national monument at Cedar Breaks. The following July, residents of Iron County, joined by state and national dignitaries, formally dedicated the monument. The celebration masked nearly two decades of wrangling between the U.S. Forest Service and the National Park Service, as well as between the towns of Parowan and Cedar City, over the proposed monument. Below we reproduce transcribed documents from those years of conflict.

R. E. Gery, September 1923 memorandum

Leon Kneipp, 1932 address

Report by F. A. Waugh, Bryce Canyon and Cedar Breaks, 1923

Leo A. Borah, “Utah, Carved by Winds and Waters,” National Geographic Magazine, May 1936

“Big Time Planned at Cedar Breaks,Parowan Times June 15, 1934

“Plans Maturing For Celebration at Breaks,” Parowan Times June 22, 1934

“Celebrate the Glorious 4th at Cedar Breaks: Plans Complete for Big Formal Opening,Parowan Times, June 29, 1934

“Breaks Monument Dedication Attended by Thousands,” Iron County Record July 5, 1934

“Cedar Breaks Area Fittingly Dedicated,” Parowan Times July 6, 1934


R. E. Gery, 1923 Memo

September 6, 1923



“This memorandum is supplemental to the report now being prepared by Dr. Waugh.

“The improvements which it was considered essential to construct at Cedar Breaks involve the following:

“The people of Parowan are more interested in ‘Lookout Point’ (a name given by Parowan people) and have constructed a poor road to the point. This road should be improved if for no other reason than to satisfy the people in the Parowan country.

“‘Rainbow Point’ is a favorite lookout point and automobiles can be driven very close to the rim. There should be a log railing at this point. There is a narrow ledge from the Point leading a short distance into the canyon and a foot trail should be constructed along this ledge.

“It is proposed to construct a camp ground to be called the ‘Parowan Camp Ground.’ It will be located as indicated on the map about 2,000 feet from the Cedar Breaks road. It will be necessary to construct a road to the camp ground and to install two toilets. It will be necessary to develop a spring to furnish water and some four tables should be provided. In order to keep the place at all fit for camping it will be necessary to fence the area.

“The Cedar Breaks pack trail should be constructed in order that the bottom of the Breaks may be reached. This trail would also be used by Service permittees. It is understood that an allotment was one time made for this trail.

“There are two points indicated on the map where provision is made for parking space on the Cedar Breaks road. These are two points from which excellent views may be obtained and appropriate signs should be placed at these points.

“There is also a short road provided for at ‘Desert View.’ This is suggested to afford the automobile tourist an excellent view beyond Cedar City and into the desert country.

“‘Sunset Point’ affords another and different picture of the canyon. It is suggested that a bench be constructed at this point.

“Just back of this Point is located the Sunset Public Camp Grounds, the most popular along the rim. At this point eight tables should be located and proper water development arranged for. Two toilets should be constructed and the area should by all means be fenced.

“‘Point Perfection’ (a name suggested by Dr. Waugh) is at the present time the most visited along the rim. This for the reason that it is very easily reached by automobile. A log railing should be constructed at this point.

“A public camp ground may eventually be necessary near the intersection of the Cedar-Long Valley and Bryce Canyon roads but this need be given no consideration at the present time.

“‘Buckskin Knob’ is the name given to a point within a hundred feet or so of where the R. R. Company is to build its hotel or lunch room. It was given this name in view of the fact that Buckskin Mountain may be seen in the distance. It is proposed to construct a platform and install an object finder at this point.

“It is also proposed to construct a trail along the rim from ‘Buckskin Knob’ to ‘Point Supreme.’ At the latter point it is proposed to construct some fences.

“Near to ‘Point Supreme’ are found some exceedingly interesting ‘Fox tail’ pines. Some of them have lived through a thousand winters and although twisted and broken are sound in part and still bear some needles. It was at this point that Dr. Lancaster desired to construct the hotel.

“The total improvements suggested are as follows:


Lookout Point (2000 feet)                              $500

Parowan Camp Ground (2000 feet)               $500

Parking space view of Powell N.F.                 $10

Parking space Forest view                              $20

Desert View Road (1000 feet)                       $20

Total roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,050



Foot trail at Rainbow Point                            $25

Cedar Breaks Pack trail (3 miles)                    $750

Between ‘Buckskin Knob’ and

‘Point Supreme’                                              $100

Total trails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $875



At Parowan Camp Ground                             $180

At Sunset Camp Ground                                $225

Total fencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $405


Other Improvements:


Railing at Rainbow Point                                $10

Water development at Parowan

Camp Ground                                     $50

Four tables               “         “                           $30

Two toilets               “         “                           $100

Water development at Sunset Camp

Ground                                                $100

Two toilets               “      “          “                  $100

Eight tables              “      “          “                  $60

Log railing at Point Perfection                        $40

Platform and object finder at

Buckskin Knob                                   $75

Benches at Point Supreme                              $15

Bench at Sunset Point                                     $5


“There should also be portals at the entrance to the Forest along the Cedar-Long Valley road on both the east and west. These should be constructed after the other improvements are provided for.

“The railroad company may possibly desire to attach an instrument to the Service telephone line. It should be determined in advance as to whether this would interfere with Forest Service business.

“The season is short at Cedar Breaks but it may be necessary to employ a guard for about three months each year to look after the public camp grounds and fires. The ranger will have little time to devote to this work. . . .

“It will be necessary to surface some stretches of the Cedar Breaks road. Several places were noted which the Supervisor has been endeavoring to put in serviceable condition but with little success. In the particular places referred to the road is shaded and dries exceedingly slow after the rains. Corduroys have been suggested but this method should by all means be avoided. Surfacing seems to be the only way to remedy the condition.

“Appropriate signs should be installed at the different points of attraction and at the intersections of the roads. It is also suggested that a sign be placed on one of the Fox tail pines. During our visit to the area it was agreed that one particular tree should carry appropriate sign.

“The Cedar-Long Valley road is not being maintained in serviceable condition. It should be dragged more frequently.”

[signed] R. E. Gery

Acting Assistant District Forester



E. Gery, “Memorandum For Files,” September 6, 1923, in Thomas G. Alexander, “Region IV Forest Service Research collection,” MSS 1609, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, box 50, fd 21.


UHQ Summer 2017 Web Extras

The University of Utah and the Utes, As Seen in the Utonian

The University of Utah took up the Ute name and imagery in the early twentieth century, just when other professional and collegiate teams did so, and since then its representation has run the gamut from the offensive to the more benign. Here we include a gallery of images the U’s yearbook.



Rape Law in Mid-Twentieth-Century Utah

Many things–including changing laws and misleading statistics–complicate the study of sexual violence. Still, it is possible to tell that during the 1930s and 1940s, the number of rapes in Utah rose. This occurred at a time when the court system was quite hostile to female victims. Click here for a document related to a case discussed at length in the summer 2017 issue of UHQ.


Documents from the Creation of Cedar Breaks National Monument

On August 22, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a proclamation creating a national monument at Cedar Breaks. The following July, residents of Iron County, joined by state and national dignitaries, formally dedicated the monument. The celebration masked nearly two decades of wrangling between the U.S. Forest Service and the National Park Service, as well as between the towns of Parowan and Cedar City, over the proposed monument. Follow this link for transcribed documents from those years of conflict.



The University of Utah and the Utes: A Photo Gallery



A depiction of a Ute Indian is on the Utonian cover. Indian images and stereotypes are also used thematically throughout the yearbook to depict student, faculty, and athletic life.


Ute cartoons are used to depict student life. University sports teams are also called Redskins, with a Ute as their mascot.


The Utonian cover contains a depiction of a Ute, and similar images represent student life throughout the yearbook.


Students decorate fraternities and dress as Indians during homecoming week. The yearbook refers to Hoyo in descriptions of the Ute mascot.


Students dress as Indians for Homecoming parade.


“Redskin” used in annual tradition of painting a mountainside “U.”


Cheerleaders wear feathers and headdresses at sporting events.


Rape Law in Mid-Twentieth-Century Utah

In the summer 2017 issue of UHQ, historian Michaele Smith examines the laws associated with sexual assault in WWII-era Utah by using, among other sources, court documents.

One case Smith looks at in depth occurred in 1937 and centered on Jim Stockfish, a young working-class man from Salt Lake City.

In July 1937, Veda White reported to police that Stockfish had assaulted her. Because White was married, the county attorney charged Stockfish with adultery, to which he plead guilty.

The Third District Court sentenced Stockfish to imprisonment for a term not to exceed three years and then gave him a stay of execution.

During his stay, another woman reported that Stockfish had sexually assaulted her. He denied the claim but admitted that he had “unlawful sexual relations with the girl in question.” The court then revoked the stay and sent Stockfish to prison. The document below pertains to this woman.

The judge in the White case, Roger McDonough, noted that a third woman had previously accused Stockfish of sexual assault but later wanted the charges dismissed.

Box 10, fd. 11, Attorney’s Correspondence 1929-1982, Salt Lake County Attorney, Salt Lake County Archives, West Valley City, Utah.

The Seventh Census of the United States: Utah and Slavery

The Seventh Census of the United States was scheduled to be counted in 1850. In the provisional state of Deseret, Brigham Young was named the census agent, but before the census could be taken Congress created Utah Territory. Congress appointed Young as the territorial census agent. In addition to the delay that caused, census officials did not receive materials and instructions due to slow mail service.

Finally, April 1, 1851, became the reference date for the Seventh Census in Utah Territory. Assistant agents E. D. Rich, Reuben McBride, Brigham H. Young, and Thomas Bullock began the count using lined papers to record the data because they still hadn’t received official blanks. In July 1851, after the enumeration was completed, Thomas Bullock and Robert Campbell began to recopy the entire census.

On October 31, 1851, a copy was sent to the United States Census Superintendent. This copy—the “official” copy—did not list all the slave inhabitants of Utah on a Schedule 2 for each county. The copy Campbell made of the original enumeration did not show any slaves living in Utah. Known black slaves are listed along with the free white population, giving a false impression that no one was held in bondage in the territory. The only exception is the Schedule 2 for Utah County which shows slaves who were on the way to San Bernardino, California, with their masters. John Bernhisel had advised LDS leaders, who were interested in seeing Utah Territory become a state, to hide the slave population. The official copy of the 1850/1851 census does just that.

The published, official version the 1850 census for Utah that is housed in the National Archives and reproduced on websites is not the “original” version that shows more of the real slave population for the territory. The original version is housed with LDS church records in the Church History Library in Salt Lake as MS 2672.

The different versions of the census have made it very difficult to count and identify slaves held in early Utah. If historians only look at the readily available official census, it gives a skewed picture of who was really in the territory and what their legal status was. Looking at the original version is necessary to get a more accurate count.

IMAGE I-“Official” Schedule 2-Slave Inhabitants in Utah County, Deseret

This image shows the slave schedule submitted to the federal government. It is the published version that shows up on websites which names slaveholders and their slaves who were planning to leave Utah and settle San Bernardino. A few of those listed in that schedule, like Hark Lay and Vilate Crosby, are listed in the Slave Schedule and also among the listings of “Free Inhabitants of Great Salt Lake County” (Schedule 1). The comment “Going to California” written in the remarks column seems to be there to assure federal officials that slaves then in Utah Territory would be leaving.

IMAGE II-Original Schedule 2-Slave Inhabitants-Utah, Salt Lake, and Davis Counties, Utah Territory

This image is the earlier original slave schedule for three counties. It is part of the version of the 1850/51 census that remained in LDS archives. It names some of the black slaves who were not going to California but would continue to live with their masters in Utah. It is, by no means, a complete list of Utah’s slaves, but it does include the African-American Redds. Since there is nothing listed in the column that asked for manumission information for Venus, Chaney, Luke, Marinda, or Amy, it is evidence they were still considered to be the property of the Redd family in 1851. Sam’s status is qualified by the comment that he will be free when he is twenty-one.

Even though Schedule 2 was intended to be an enumeration of slave inhabitants, someone lined out the word “slave” in the title and “colored” has been written in—again, apparently an attempt to disguise the real status of those listed on this schedule.

IMAGE III-“Official” Schedule 1-Free Inhabitants in Utah County, Utah Territory

This page lists the John Hardison Redd family in the “official” census. This is the version found in published census records. The black women and mixed race younger servants appear to be free blacks living in the same household with the white Redds. Their race is notated, but they are listed on the same schedule and in the same way that the Isaac and Jane Manning James family is listed—a free black family.

In the “official” version of the 1850/51 census, some other known slaves are listed on Schedule 1 in the same way as the Redd slaves, with a racial notation indicating they are black. Others who were living in Great Salt Lake and Davis counties are listed in Schedule 1 with no mention of their race. It gives the appearance that they were free white Utahns.

Other than the Redd slaves and Green Flake, none of the slaves listed in the original Schedule 2, reproduced here, are listed anywhere in the official version of the census.


2017 Utah State History Conference

Local Matters:
Interweaving historical threads of community

October 10–11, 2017

In 2017, we’re focusing on Local Matters—and local can be broadly defined.

Our annual conference will examine the many strands that create the fabric of communities, such as festivals, buildings, schools, or the arts.

We’ll also discuss the uses of local history and the application of sophisticated methodology to personal, family, and community history.

Workshops will focus on strategies for local organizations, oral history, historic preservation, and community histories.

Registration is now closed

Walk-ins will be accepted as space allows.  We may not be able to accommodate lunch for walk-ins. 


Tuesday, October 10th
8:30 am–5:00 pm
Rio Grande Depot, 300 S. Rio Grande Street, Salt Lake City
State Archives Building, 346 South Rio Grande Street, Salt Lake City

Wednesday, October 11th
7:45 am – check in and morning refreshment
9:00 am – 5:00 pm
Plenary, lunchtime keynote and awards presentation, history and panel sessions
Utah Cultural Celebration Center, 1355 West 3100 South, West Valley


Tuesday, October 10th
8:30 am–4:00 pm
Rio Grande Depot, 300 S. Rio Grande Street, Salt Lake City
State Archives Building, 346 South Rio Grande Street, Salt Lake City

Introduction to Oral History (WORKSHOP IS FULL)
Megan van Frank and Jedediah Rogers
9 am–noon, Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Zephyr Room, Rio Grande Depot
300 S. Rio Grande, Salt Lake City

Oral history is a powerful tool for people to understand their family stories and community history. Whether used for scholarly research, finding community stories, or fleshing out one’s family history, oral history provides unusual access to stories not otherwise known or in danger of being lost. This workshop will provide a focused introduction to the art and craft of oral history: to the philosophical underpinnings of the discipline—what it can, and cannot, tell us about the past—and to the nuts and bolts of executing successful oral history projects. An orientation to the Utah Humanities and Utah Division of State History joint oral history program will also be provided.

Megan van Frank directs community history and museums programming for Utah Humanities.

Jedediah Rogers is a Senior State Historian at the Utah Division of State History and co-managing editor of the Utah Historical Quarterly.


Community Preservation (WORKSHOP IS FULL)
Presented by SHPO staff at Division of State History
8:30 am–noon, Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Archives Training Room, State Archives Building
346 S. Rio Grande, Salt Lake City

This workshop will provide the tools and techniques for running successful local historic preservation programs, including incentives, guidelines and regulations, planning tools, partnerships, public education, and grants and tax credits. Find out whether your community is taking advantage of all resources available to it.


Family History Meets History (WORKSHOP IS FULL)
Holly George and Beth Taylor, CGsm
1:00 – 3:30 pm, Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Zephyr Room, Rio Grande Depot
300 S. Rio Grande, Salt Lake City

The world of family history has much to offer—both tools and stories—to the writers of history. At the same time, historical writing and genealogical work are not always the same thing.

This workshop will address
1) How to use the tools of family history research in historical writing
2) How to craft family stories into articles for journals such as Utah Historical Quarterly

Holly George, Utah Historical Quarterly.

Beth Taylor, FamilySearch International


National Historic Trails and the BLM: How Historic Trails Can Connect the Public to the Past (WORKSHOP IS FULL)
Rob Sweeten
1:00–2:30 pm, Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Archives Training Room, State Archives Building
346 S. Rio Grande, Salt Lake City

Rob Sweeten is BLM National Trail Administrator for the Old Spanish National Historic Trail and Historic Trails lead for BLM-Utah.


BLM-Utah’s Cultural Resource Program: Organization, Goals, and Highlights (WORKSHOP IS FULL)
Nate Thomas
3:00–4:00 pm, Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Archives Training Room, State Archives Building
346 S. Rio Grande, Salt Lake City

Nate Thomas is State Archaeologist and Cultural Resource Program Lead for BLM-Utah

Wednesday, October 11th

8:00 am check in and morning refreshments
9:00 am – 5:00 pm
Plenary, lunchtime keynote and awards presentation, history and panel sessions
Utah Cultural Celebration Center, 1355 West 3100 South, West Valley

Schedule at a Glance

Room 201 & 202 Room 204 Room 205 Great Hall – West Great Hall – East
Great Hall 1
Plenary Session — Peril, Conflict, and Storytelling in Community History
Speakers: David Rich Lewis (moderator), Elizabeth Clement, Gregory Smoak, and Benjamin Pykles
10:30-11:45am Familiar Places: Glimpses of Home and Community National Institutions, Local Crises Territorial History and Its Records Cooperation and the Preservation of Historic Places Writing Regional History: Gary Topping’s Utah Historians and the Reconstruction of Western History
Great Hall 1
Lunch (free for registered attendees)

Ken Verdoia
I’m not a Historian, But I Played One On TV

2017 Outstanding Achievement Awards Program
Dina Blaes, Chair, Board of State History

1:45-3:00pm Food and Culture: Daily Life in Northern Utah


Pedagogy in the Digital Era Historic Preservation in Salt Lake City Knowledge is Power: Education in Utah History of the Southern Paiute Tribe Restoration Act
3:15-4:30pm Cache Valley Utah Drug Court Oral History Project: A Community-Driven Effort Religion and the Community The Impact of Independent Film on Local Communities Interpreting Controversy: Preserving and Presenting the Story of Joe Hill Understanding 20th-Century Utah: James Allen’s Still the Right Place: Utah’s Second Half-Century of Statehood, 1945-1995


Click here for detailed session and speaker information

Registration is now closed

Walk-ins will be accepted as space allows.  We may not be able to accommodate lunch for walk-ins. 

Thank you to our generous conference sponsors!


Tschanz Rare Books, LLC

Utah Historical Quarterly Winter 2017

Volume 85, Number 1 (Winter 2017 Issue):

Published since 1928, the Utah Historical Quarterly is the state’s premier history journal and the source for reliable, engaging Utah history. Join the Historical Society for your own copy.

Each issue of the Utah Historical Quarterly is accompanied with rich web supplements that introduce readers to sources, photos, interviews, and other engaging material. These “extras” are located at

WEB EXTRAS: See here 


The Utah Historical Quarterly first devoted an issue entirely to architectural history in 1975, with “Toward an Architectural Tradition”; just over a decade later came a second such issue, investigating “Architecture at the Turn of the Century.” The time has come to add to this body of work. In this issue of UHQ, we focus on historic preservation and on place-based history of the built environment.

Historic preservation has a variety of meanings, depending on one’s perspective and experience. In the broadest of definitions, it encompasses the movement to document and save that which is meaningful to our collective history. While to some this phrase may convey the stoppage of time, to others it represents change. Places are not frozen; they are always evolving. The historic preservation process gives us a chance to collectively determine if and how historic places work within the context of a changing built environment. You can’t see historic preservation in a museum. While history is physically present around us every day, it’s part of a temporary museum undergoing permanent change.

Preservation embraces a cross-section of community-based practices and institutions that include historic architecture and archaeology, as well as museums, libraries, and archives, festivals, tourism, and long-lived businesses. Though representing even a thread of all these areas in a special issue would be a challenge, the essays in this issue demonstrate the breadth of knowledge of Utah’s architectural historians and archaeologists, highlighting some of the tremendous
research and writing in the field. The authors’ expertise and the UHQ’s support of this type
of research help generate more public understanding or places that matter. This issue demonstrates the important role of historic preservation in Utah in determining how our state changes for the better when we consider places of meaning—what I refer to in my opening essay as sites of conscience.

Bim Oliver served as a consultant in the documentation of the midcentury development of the University of Utah campus. The years after World War II saw extensive growth in student population, though it took the state twenty-five years to catch up to the demand for greater access and new academic programs. The buildings constructed during those years of development and change are now frequently discussed—and targeted—for demolition. One goal of Oliver’s documentation was to foster greater public appreciation for why these places were built in the first place and how they were used. Although they look different than the older structures forming Presidents Circle, Oliver argues, midcentury, Modernist buildings still deserve preservation.

Given the amount of federally owned public lands in Utah, partnerships between the managing federal agencies, interested stakeholders, lessees of federal property, and the public at large are essential in administering the cultural resources on those lands. Richa Wilson, a Forest Service architectural historian, offers an overview of the evolution of Forest Service architecture in Utah dating to the early twentieth century. She shows how buildings constructed in the state’s forests both reflected and departed from mainstream trends. The changing nature of federal
forest management and policies gave each period distinctive design characteristics that continue to be identifiable today.

In his essay, Thomas Carter, an emeritus professor at the University of Utah, argues that historic
preservationists derive cultural meaning through analysis and drawing. Through this series of artistic drawings, Carter highlights a wide range of building types and forms, architectural styles, and influences in construction. His essay also demonstrates the importance of drawing to historic preservation and how that skill is fading with each generation.

Finally, Sheri Murray Ellis, a cultural resource consultant, details the growth and decline of the Ogden Union Stockyard. This large and profitable facility came to exist largely through the instruments of technology—especially the railroad—and, in the end, newer technologies made the yards obsolete. Today, they are the site of redevelopment efforts.

I want to acknowledge my tremendous appreciation to the authors in this issue and to the UHQ editors for their willingness to produce the issue and persistent, professional guidance to oversee its completion.

Kirk Huffaker, Guest Editor
Preservation Utah



Becoming More Conscientious of Utah’s Sites of Conscience
By Kirk Huffaker

Modernism on Campus: Architecture at the University of Utah, 1945–1975
By Bim Oliver

Building the Forest Service in Utah: An Architectural Context
By Richa Wilson

Studying the Unstudied: Utah Drawings from the Western Regional Architecture Program Collection, Marriott Library, University of Utah, 1982–2016
By Thomas Carter

The Last Word in Stockyard Construction: The Rise and Fall of the Ogden Union Stockyard
By Sheri Murray Ellis


Leisl Carr Childers, The Size of the Risk: Histories of Multiple Use in the Great Basin. Reviewed by Joseph E. Taylor III

Matthew L. Harris and Newell G. Bringhurst, eds., The Mormon Church and Blacks: A Documentary History. Reviewed by Russell Stevenson

Larry Gerlach, Alma Richards, Olympian. Reviewed by Chris Elzey


Jonathan Foster, Lake Mead National Recreation Area: A History of America’s First National Playground

Photographs by Peter Goin, Essays by Peter Friederici, A New Form of Beauty: Glen Canyon beyond Climate Change