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2015 Annual History Conference Session 3 Abstracts

Paiutes and the Circleville Massacre after 150 Years (Room 101)

  • Panel: Richard Turley (chair), Suzanne Catharine, Dorina Martineau, Sue Jensen Weeks, and Albert Winkler

Pitching Tents and Breaking Trail: Three Historians Afield with the Utah War (Room 102)

  • Ken Alford: “And a Bitter Experience It Was”: The Utah War and the 1858 Move South
  • James F. Martin: “Sibleys amongst the Snow”: Locating Old Camp Scott
  • William MacKinnon: Summing Up the Utah War: One Historian’s Twenty-first Century Conclusions

Immigration in Early Twentieth-Century Utah (Room 104)

  • John Sillito (chair)
  • Brian Whitney and Lorrie Rands: Immigrants at the Crossroads: An Oral History of Immigration into Ogden, Utah
  • Eileen Hallet Stone: Utah’s Jewish Agrarian Pioneers
  • Rochelle Kaplan: Jews in Utah: Not an Oxymoron!

Many Voices in Utah History (Room 105)

  • Colleen Whitley (chair)
  • Allen Dale Roberts: British Influence on Pioneer Utah’s Greek and Gothic Revival
  • David Hales, Sandra Brimhall: You’re a Woman. You Can’t Be a Certified Public Accountant: The Trials and Struggles of Hannah Claire Haines, Utah’s First Woman CPA and Prominent Business Woman
  • Seth Anderson:  “We’re Here, We’re Queer, We’re Fabulous, Get Used to Us!”: Queer Nation, 1991-1992

Latino Voices in Cache Valley (Suite A)

  • Panel: Brad Cole (chair), Randy Williams, Eduardo Ortiz, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante

Paiutes and the Circleville Massacre after 150 Years
Panel Abstract
In April 1866, at the height of the Black Hawk War, residents of a small Mormon settlement in Circleville slit the throats of an undetermined number of Paiute men, women, and children. In the intervening hundred and fifty years, the massacre is little known and largely forgotten by both the community where the massacre occurred and many Paiute tribal members. Panelists will evaluate the history, memory, legacy and meaning of this sad event—all part of a larger effort to memorialize the murdered Paiutes as part of the sesquicentennial anniversary.ModeratorTBD

Suzanne Catharine, graduate student in history, University of Utah
Dorena Martineau, Paiute Tribal cultural resource manager
Sue Jensen Weeks, historian and author of How Desolate Our Home Bereft of Thee: James Tillman Sanford Allred and the Circleville Massacre
Albert Winkler, historian and archivist at Brigham Young University. He is author of “The Circleville Massacre: A Brutal Incident in Utah’s Black Hawk War,” published in the winter 1987 issue of the Utah Historical Quarterly

Pitching Tents and Breaking Trail
Kenneth L. Alford Abstract
In March 1858, as thousands of U.S. soldiers camped near Fort Bridger preparing to march into Salt Lake City, Brigham Young called for Mormons living in northern Utah to abandon their homes and move south. Cities across northern Utah soon became ghost towns as approximately 30,000 Mormons participated in “The Move South.” After a peace settlement was reached, the army marched through an almost vacant Salt Lake City in June 1858. Within a few months most of the displaced settlers returned to their homes. This presentation shares the personal side of the “Move South” as it was experienced by participants.Kenneth L. Alford is an Associate Professor of Church History and Doctrine at BYU. After serving almost 30 years on active duty in the United States Army, he retired as a Colonel in 2008. While on active military duty, Ken served in numerous assignments, including the Pentagon, eight years teaching computer science at the United States Military Academy at West Point, and four years as Department Chair and Professor of Strategic Leadership at the National Defense University in Washington, DC. His current research focuses on Latter-day Saint military service. Ken and his wife, Sherilee, have four children and thirteen grandchildren.

James F. Martin Abstract
When the weather-beaten “Johnston’s Army” arrived in the Blacks Fork Valley to find Fort Bridger all but burned to the ground, their morale must have been low. The decision to move two miles upstream between two bluffs was based on the need for water, wood, and refuge. Working with documentary sources and state-of-the-art metal detectors, this paper details what has been previously unknown: the locations of the regular units under Johnston’s command, site of his probable headquarters, and the bivouac of the U.S. Volunteers. Other findings will also be discussed.

Sergeant Major James F. Martin, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve (Ret.) is an amateur historian and metal detectorist, whose main focus of effort has been discovering and investigating the camps associated with the U.S. Army during the Utah War. At present he is a State Trooper in the Utah Highway Patrol. He was the 2005 Utah Trooper of the Year, and in 2014 was awarded the Utah Department of Public Safety Medal of Excellence for his role in the arrest of two homicide suspects. His military awards include the Meritorious Service Medal with Gold Star, Navy Achievement Medal with Gold Star, and Combat Action Ribbon.

William P. MacKinnon Abstract
This paper addresses a series of long-standing questions about the Utah War based on nearly sixty years of research in the conflict’s primary sources. The brevity of the paper and format of the session have been designed to remedy the bane of virtually all historical conferences: the lack of time for attendees to ask the questions on their minds. The focus of the paper is on four key questions presented to stimulate attendee queries during a Q&A segment intended to be the principal value of the session: Defining the Utah War: what was it and what was it not? What were the leaders’ accountabilities: who bore responsibility for what decisions and actions? Did the war have “winners” and “losers”? What was this conflict’s significance and impact?

William P. (Bill) MacKinnon is an independent historian, community volunteer, and management consultant. He has researched and written about the American West and Utah since 1958. MacKinnon is a Fellow and Honorary Life Member of Utah State Historical Society, member of OCTA’s Crossroads (Utah) Chapter, and the former presiding officer of the Yale University Library Associates, Mormon History Association, Santa Barbara Westerners, and Children’s Hospital of Michigan. He is an alumnus of Yale, Harvard Business School, and the U.S. Air Force. The second volume of his documentary history of the Utah War of 1857-1858 (At Sword’s Point) is being published in 2016 by the University of Oklahoma Press’s Arthur H. Clark imprint.

Immigration in Early Twentieth-Century Utah
Rands/Whitney Abstract
The Special Collections Department of Stewart Library at Weber State University is currently conducting an oral history project titled “Immigrants at the Crossroads” documenting first and second-generation immigration stories in Ogden. Although motivated by various circumstances and in different times from early to mid 20th century, common themes emerge in these accounts. The effects of war, economic opportunity, and religious conversion are among the myriad of reasons given for uprooting families, crossing oceans, and settling in the Great Basin.  This paper will offer five personal accounts that give us insight into the immigrant experience. 

Lorrie Rands graduated from Weber State University in 2014 with a Bachelor of Arts in History. She is currently employed full time with the Special Collections Department of the Stewart Library at Weber State University. Lorrie participated in a recent history of Ogden’s infamous 25th Street, which culminated in a show at the Union Pacific Railroad Museum. Lorrie is currently leading the “Immigrants at the Crossroads” oral history project, which will culminate in an exhibit at Only in Ogden gallery in the fall of 2015.

Brian Whitney is currently finishing a Bachelor of Arts in History at Weber State University. He has interned with the LDS Church History Department and spent last summer in Nauvoo working for Joseph Smith Historic Sites as a site interpreter as well as researching the history of the Nauvoo House. Currently, Brian is working in the Special Collections Department of the Stewart Library at Weber State University on the “Immigrants at the Crossroads” oral history project, and was recently hired by Greg Kofford Books as a History Editor and currently sits on the board of the John Whitmer Historical Association.

Eileen Hallet Stone Abstract
Three miles southwest of Gunnison in Sanpete County was located one of the largest Jewish agrarian colonies west of the Appalachian Mountains. It took root in 1911 and failed but not for lack of trying. It was marginal land—an alluvial fan at the foot of mountains, semi-arid, desolate, steep, rock-studded and sparse with rolling tumbleweed and sagebrush. Yet for a brief time it was a settlement of hope and promise called Clarion, composed of immigrant families, eastern European Jews, who believed “agriculture would make laborers instead of paupers and bread producers instead of bread beggars.” This is their story.

Eileen Hallet Stone is a writer. Her award-winning projects include nineteenth and twentieth century community stories and ethnic histories. She writes a “Living History” column for the Salt Lake Tribune. Her book, Hidden History of Utah, is a compilation of her Tribune articles. She contributed to Legends, Lore and True Tales in Mormon Country. Her collected stories in A Homeland in the West: Utah Jews Remember were developed into a photo-documentary exhibit for the 2002 Winter Olympics. She co-authored Missing Stories: An Oral History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah, currently used as an educational text on diversity in Utah.

Rochelle Kaplan Abstract
My presentation, “Jews in Utah: Not an Oxymoron,” focuses on the history of Utah’s Jews from the 1840s to the 1930s, with some additional material up to the present. I aim to show that Utah’s Jews, though always small in numbers, exerted and still exert considerable influence in the state’s development. Furthermore, we have mostly harmoniously co-existed with the dominant Mormon culture. I use photographs and primary and secondary source material.

Rochelle Kaplan moved to Utah from NYC in 1998 for love and taught resource room at Granite High School until I retired. I began researching Utah’s Jewish History when I co-founded the Utah Jewish Genealogical Society and subsequently in preparation for a presentation at the IAJGS Convention held here in 2007 and in 2014. I am a former president and life member of the National Council of Jewish Women, Utah Section, a life member of Hadassah and a member of Congregation Kol Ami. Other interests are education, photography, writing, gardening, skiing, hiking and politics.

Many Voices in Utah History
Allen Roberts Abstract
This presentation explores the pervasive influence of British architect-builders and architecture on Utah Territory’s pioneer buildings. Of 140 architect-builders practicing in Utah prior to Brigham Young’s death in 1877, 57% came from England, Scotland and Wales, bringing with them British architectural books and their working knowledge of constructing Greek and Gothic Revival structures. Another 33% were American architect-builders from New England and other eastern states. They too utilized books written by English architects who had immigrated to America. The author, who has reconstructed the architectural section of Utah’s Territorial Library of 1852, will show how Utah’s pioneer architecture reflected design elements from British and New English precedents.

Allen Roberts comes from a building and artisans tradition, descending from a long line of carpenters, contractors, millwrights and pottery makers, six generations of whom practiced in Utah. Educated in architecture, art and philosophy, Allen is a former historical architect and architectural historian with the State Historical Society. In 1976 he joined Wally Cooper in creating Cooper/Roberts Architects, Utah’s first firm to specialize in historic building research, restoration, renovation, re-use and “green,” preservation. Allen has taught and lectured widely on architectural history and preservation practices. He has authored numerous books and articles. This year he will publish his newest book, “Brigham’s Architects: Utah’s Pioneer Architect-builders and Their Works, 1847-77.”

Hales/Brimhall Abstract
When Hannah Claire Haines graduated from St. Anthony High School, St. Anthony, Idaho, on May 21, 1909, she wanted to become an accountant and business woman, but such a goal seemed impossible as the perception of the time was that accounting was a profession “for men only,” and that women did not have the “emotional makeup, analytical reasoning or long-term commitment” for such a profession. This did not discourage Claire from pursuing her goal. This paper will discuss the life and struggles she faced in becoming the first woman Certified Public Accountant and the first woman bank director in Utah.

David A. Hales is Professor Emeritus of Library Science, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska and retired Director of the Library/Librarian, Westminster College, Salt Lake City. He holds a B.S. Degree from Brigham Young University, a M.L.S. from Drexel University, and a M.A. Degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He is co-author of a book about the historical resources of Alaska and has published extensively in library science, genealogy and history journals.

Sandra Dawn Brimhall, a free-lance writer, journalist, and history enthusiast, received a B.S. degree in Mass Communications from the University of Utah in 1975. She has published numerous articles and was one of the co-authors of a book Brigham Young’s Homes that was published by Utah State University Press. In 2014, she was the joint recipient with her daughter Dawn Brimhall of the BYU Charles Redd Center for Western Studies Award for their article titled, “Labor Spies in Utah during the Early Twentieth Century.” She and her husband, Steven Lyn Brimhall, are the parents of three children

Seth Anderson Abstract
In 1991, a chapter of Queer Nation formed in Salt Lake City with the stated purpose of promoting queer visibility, fighting homophobia, heterosexism, and anti-queer violence. This paper intervenes in the historiography of gay and lesbian history in several ways. First, the formation of a national Queer Nation represents a shift from “gay and lesbian history” towards the more expansive “LGBT history.” Second, studying Queer Nation Utah provides an example of why social movements emerge when and where they do. Third, studying Queer Nation Utah shows how this social movement oriented itself towards a hostile straight community as well as towards the gay and lesbian community in the state, a sexual minority that during the 1980s had remained mostly assimilationist and accommodationist to oppressive anti-gay policies and social stigma.

Seth Anderson completed his master’s degree in history at the University of Utah in May 2015. He studies the history of sexuality in the American West, specifically gay and lesbian history in Utah. Situated at the crossroads of sexuality, gender, race, and class his work reveals the anxieties about sexuality in the late twentieth century. He also studies AIDS in Utah and its effects on sexuality, culture, and family. His final project in graduate school tracked the development of Queer Nation Utah, a radical gay rights group that promoted queer visibility and fought homophobia in the early 1990s.

Latino Voices in the Cache Valley
Panel Abstract
While much has been preserved and written about northern Utah’s Mormon pioneers, other groups to the area have not always enjoyed the same archival presence. In an effort to rectify this, Utah State University Libraries’ Special Collection and Archives (SCA) began Northern Utah Speaks (NUS). NUS is a fieldwork tool to identify, gather, and preserve the voices of underrepresented communities in the archives. SCA partnered with Cache Valley’s Latino communities to initiate the Latino/a Voices Project to preserve the “voices” of the area’s largest minority group.  Using the LVP interviews as a springboard, this panel will discuss the history of Latinos in Cache Valley.

Brad Cole is currently the Interim Dean for and the Associate Dean for Special Collections and Archives Division at the Utah State University Libraries. He received a Bachelor’s degree in history from Idaho State University in 1980 and a Master’s Degree in history from Utah State University in 1986 and holds certification in the Academy of Certified Archivists. Cole worked as the manuscript curator at Utah State University from 1984-1995 and held the same position at Northern Arizona University from 1995-2005. He has been Associate Dean for Special Collections at Merrill-Cazier Library since 2005.

Randy Williams is Fife Folklore Archives Curator and oral history specialist at Utah State University’s Special Collections & Archives. Along with managing the world-renowned Fife Folklore Archives, she directs USU’s community-based fieldwork projects, bringing the voice of diverse peoples from the Inter-Mountain West into the Archives. At present she is organizing (with Professor Lisa Gabbert) the May 2015 USU/Library of Congress Field School: “Voices: Refugees in Cache Valley.” Along with Elisaida Mendez, Williams was honored with a 2009 Human Ties Award from the Utah Humanities Council for the Latino/Latina Voices Project. She is the Archival Liaison for the American Folklore Society.
Professor Eduardo Ortiz received his Ph.D. in Sociology (2009) from Utah State University (USU). Currently, he is senior researcher in both the Research and Evaluation and the Interdisciplinary Training Divisions of the Center for Persons with Disabilities in the College of Education at USU. He is adjunct assistant professor with the Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Anthropology at USU; and Core Faculty of the Utah Regional Leadership Educational in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities program. He also holds a Law Degree (J.D.) from the Catholic University of Ecuador, his native country. Eduardo has been highly involved in community work.

María Luisa Spicer-Escalante (Ph.D., University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2002) joined the Linguistics faculty at Utah State University in 2003. She has served as Co-Director of the Master of Second Language Teaching program since 2010. Her professional interests include Spanish heritage speakers in the United States, English as a foreign language teacher preparation, pedagogical aspects of Second/Dual Language Acquisition, bilingual writing, and sociolinguistics.