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Anasazi or Ancestral Puebloan

The Anasazi, also refered to as Ancestral Puebloas, lived in southern Utah and the Four Corners area and were one of two cultures that came out of the hunter-gatherer lifestyle of the Archaic peoples. Changes in weather promoted a different way of life in Utah.

Over the centuries, the Anasazi culture evolved. They became more settled and dependent on agriculture and domesticating animals for sustenance. With a more sedentary lifestyle, they moved from pithouses to rock structures made from adobe bricks (pueblos). May of their later homes were built onto cliff walls.

There were also changes in artifacts they left behind, such as pottery and baskets. The Anasazi people often painted black designs on their pottery, which was used in daily life for cooking and storage.

Anasazi people built ceremonial or religious structures called “kivas.” There were kivas built in each community, each in direct relation to how many rooms were in the pueblo.