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Utah’s Latest Additions to the National Register

Check out the latest historic properties in Utah listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Warehouse Historic District (Boundary Increase), Salt Lake City; Roberta Sugden House, Salt Lake City; Smoot Dairy Farmhouse, Centerville; Archie Creek Camp, Summit County; Barrett-Homer-Larsen House, Orem; Park City High School, Park City.

Warehouse District (Boundary Increase)
Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County

UT_Salt Lake County_Warehouse District Expansion_0030

Statement of Significance: 
The original Warehouse District was listed on the National Register in 1982 and included 16 buildings with a somewhat undefined period of significance from approximately 1890 to 1927. The original district boundary encompasses a roughly 1-block area straddling 200 South between 300 West and 400 West in Salt Lake City.  The original Warehouse District was described as being significant as “a well-preserved cluster of warehouse buildings that convey a sense of the impact of the coming of the railroad in Salt Lake City.” This statement effectively indicates the district was considered eligible for listing under Criteria A and C.  The additional information provided here for the boundary increase more clearly defines the areas of significance applicable to both the existing district and the additional properties within the expanded boundary. It also expands the period of significance for the expanded district from the original ca. 1890 to 1927 to 1869 to 1966.

The Warehouse District Boundary Increase is also significant under Criteria A and C. As noted, the period of significance for the expanded district is extended from the relatively narrow period represented by the original district and begins in 1869 with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, which greatly influenced the development of the area, and ends in 1966, the current end of the historical period (i.e., 50 years ago). Under Criterion A, the district has local significance in the areas of Social History, Commerce, Industry, and Transportation for the direct association of the district with the railroad industry and the commercial and residential development it spurred along the west side of Salt Lake City.  With the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad came an immediate proliferation of other mainlines and spur lines to connect the communities and industrial centers of the West to the rest of the nation. Two of these mainline systems—the Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad (D&RGW) and the Union Pacific Railroad (UPRR)—extended through what was, at the time, the western fringe of Salt Lake City. Shortly after, the D&RGW established regional maintenance shops and a rail yard for their Utah subdivision in the west Salt Lake City area, in the heart of the Warehouse District Boundary Increase. The UPRR also established a rail yard just beyond the northern edge of the district. The railroad mainlines are included in the district as contributing archaeological resources. The presence of the shops and yards drew many immigrants to the area in search of work. A large number of these immigrants had countries of origin that were quite different from the predominant northern European ancestry of Salt Lake City’s earliest settlers. The ethnic minority immigrants settled on the west side of the city, near the rail yard and maintenance shops in which they labored. The neighborhood became one of the largest and most diverse ethnic enclaves in the city. A web of railroad spur lines appeared in the area as commercial interests took advantage of the proximity of the mainline railroads to establish manufacturing and distribution (warehouse) sites with easy and immediate rail access to both regional and national markets. Although the manner of transporting industrial goods and freight shifted in the years after World War II and the rise of long-haul trucking, manufacturing and distribution remained a major land use in the district. Railroading also retains its influence on the development and use of the area with a commuter rail hub and rail yards still present within the district.

The district is also significant at the local level under Criterion C for its architectural integrity and its reflection of the four major periods of development influenced by the railroad industry and its role in the economy of the area. The building stock of the area represents both high-style and vernacular architectural trends in Utah and stands as a testament to the economic differences of the commercial interests that could invest in architect-designed buildings and the laborers who could not. It also reflects the largely utilitarian nature of the freight and distribution industry, where investments in ornate architecture yielded to functional efficiency. As a collective body of architectural resources, the buildings of the district illustrate the shifting focus of the area from an initially balanced distribution of both residential and commercial/industrial properties to one of predominantly commercial/industrial uses. Small, isolated pockets of historical dwellings are scattered throughout the central and northern portions of the district, while the southern portion of the district is the only area to have retained its historical dwellings in any large concentration. Additionally, the relatively large number of historical warehouse buildings compared to other areas of Salt Lake City lends a unique composition to the architectural make-up of the district and lend the district its name.

Read the full nomination:
UT_Salt Lake County_Warehouse District Expansion Final

Roberta Sugden House
Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County County

UT_Salt Lake County_Roberta Sugden House_0001

Statement of Significance: 
The Roberta Sugden House, constructed in 1955, is a one-story International Style modern residence located in Salt Lake City, Utah. The building has statewide significance under Criterion C in the area of Architecture for its unique and distinctive design and association with prominent Salt Lake City architect John W. Sugden III. The property also contains a John Sugden designed studio/apartment built in 1964 and occupied by John Sugden between 1964 and 1969. The period of significance dates from construction in 1955 through 1969, when Roberta Sugden sold the house and John Sugden moved from the studio. The Roberta Sugden House is an excellent and rare example of a mid-century International Style residential design in Utah. The Sugden House has the horizontality, minimal and visible structural components, glazed curtain walls and modern interior elements that closely reflect the influence of the International Style of architecture and found in architect Philip Johnson’s Glass House (1949) and Mies van der Rohe’s Farnsworth House (1951).

John Sugden designed eighteen residences during his architectural career. He designed only two residences which so strongly reflect the Miesian ideal of simplified forms and transparent boundaries: the Sugden House and the Dev Jennings House. The Sugden House is one of his earliest and is the best known example of residential modernist expression of structure and space. John Sugden was one of only a few Salt Lake City architects who designed International Style-influenced buildings. He was one of three Salt Lake architects who practiced modern International Style residential architecture, and was the architect whose residences most closely reflected Miesian-influenced International Style residential design.

Architect John Sugden III was born in 1922 in Chicago, Illinois. John grew up in Salt Lake City, Utah, served in World War II, attended architecture school and worked for prominent architect Mies van der Rohe and city and regional planner Ludwig Hilberseimer. John graduated with B.S. and M.S. degrees in Architecture from Illinois Institute of Technology in 1950 and 1952 respectively.  In 1952, John Sugden returned to Salt Lake City and began practicing and later teaching architecture. John Sugden’s residential and commercial architecture was almost exclusively based on the International Modern Style and the architecture of Mies van der Rohe.  John Sugden has been identified as one of the founding “Salt Lake Seven” modern architects by Salt Lake Modern and the Utah Heritage

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UT_Salt Lake County_Roberta Sugden House

Smoot Dairy Farmhouse
Centerville, Davis County


Statement of Significance: 
The Smoot Dairy Farmhouse, constructed in 1936, is a 1½-story Tudor Revival-style brick cottage.  The farmhouse is locally significant under Criterion A in the area of Agriculture as the only surviving building associated with the Smoot Dairy.  Although the period of historic significance begins in 1936, when the house was constructed, the history of the property begins in 1935, when the Smoot family obtained the land and transferred a herd of dairy cows to Centerville.  Until a devastating fire in 1963, the Smoot Dairy was one of the largest privately owned dairy farms in Utah.  The farmhouse, which also served as an office, was one of only two buildings to survive the fire.  Within a year of the fire, with aid from their Centerville neighbors, the Smoot family built the most modern dairy operation in the state.  The period of significance ends in 1964 with the phoenix-like rise of the Smoot Dairy.  During the historic period, the Smoot Dairy sold milk on site and made deliveries to an estimated 2,000 households in Centerville and the surrounding communities.  The Smoot Dairy provided dairy products to numerous restaurants and hotels in the larger cities of the Wasatch Front, and was the regional dairy provider for United Airlines for thirty-two years.  In addition, Edgar Smoot raised prize-winning pure-bred Jersey stock on loan to breeders throughout the western United States.  The farmhouse is the only extant historic resource representing the Smoot family’s important contributions to the Centerville community.

The Smoot Dairy Farmhouse is also locally significant under Criterion C in the area of Architecture as a rare example of an English Tudor Revival-style period cottage with a dual purpose of residence and office associated with the Smoot Dairy.  The property meets the registration requirements of the Multiple Property Submission, Historic Resources of Centerville, Davis County, Utah, under the associated historic context “City Development, 1911-1940s.”  The Smoot Dairy Farmhouse represents a small number of English-style period cottages built in Centerville during the style’s height of popularity for rural farmhouses in the mid-1930s.  The Smoot Farmhouse has many of the character defining features of a Tudor Revival-style cottage: asymmetrical façade, steeply pitched roof, casement windows, and polychromatic brick.  However, the property primarily derives its architectural significance in its design as the public face of the Smoot Dairy property, with a wide façade along the main transportation route and a unique walkout basement that connected the house-office to the working dairy.  The Smoot Dairy Farmhouse has good historic integrity and is a contributing resource in its north Centerville neighborhood.

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UT_Davis County_Smoot Dairy Farmhouse

Archie Creek Camp
Summit County

Utah_Summit County_Archie Creek Camp_0001 (Medium)Statement of Significance: 
The Archie Creek Camp in Summit County, Utah was constructed between 1890 and 1920s, and
is significant under Criteria A, C, and D under the context of the Tie Cutting Industry of the
North Slope of the Uinta Mountains. It is a complex archaeological and architectural site that relates to the second historical period of the Tie Cutting industry of the North Slope (Merritt2013:Section E, 7-10), specifically the 1920s-1930s, with abandonment in the late 1930s or1940s. Site is surrounded by mid and high-cut lodgepole pine stumps, remnants of strip roads and several other tie cutting sites that further instill association with this site with the Multiple Property Submission theme. Site was used as a central residential occupation for probably 20-30 tie cutters, given the number of cabins, and related stock animals (horses) for hauling ties, and fits within the “Domestic” property type as defined in Merritt (2013:Section F, 12) . As such, the level of physical integrity of both the standing (or partially standing) cabins and the archaeological deposits, and the lack of modern disturbance, makes this one of the most significant historic resources within the Multiple Property boundary dating to this specific time period. Thus, the site is associated clearly with the production of railroad cross-ties in the Uinta Mountains and are significant events as noted in Merritt (2013) under Criteria A, C and D. Site is eligible under Criteria A, as it is an excellent example of the tie-cutting industry of the North Slope of the Uinta Mountains and retains integrity and other factors as described in the MPS
(Merritt 2013: Section F, 21). Site is eligible under Criteria C, given the presence of intact
architecture that meets the criteria in the MPDF and are indicative of a period, style, and the tie cutting industry (Merritt 2013:Section F, 22). Finally, the site is eligible under Criteria D due the
presence of a robust surface archaeological assemblage, and the suspected presence of intact
subsurface features in the privies, springs, and within structures and meets all other criteria from
the MPDF and will offer information to our understanding of several research domains (Merritt
2013: Section F, 22)..

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Archie Creek Camp_Redacted

Barrett-Homer-Larsen Farmstead
Orem, Utah County

UT_Utah County_Barrett-Homer-Larsen House_001 (Medium)Statement of Significance: 
The Barrett-Homer-Larsen Farmstead, built in 1887 in Orem, Utah County, is locally significant under Criteria A and C. The property is being nominated under the Historic and Architectural Resources of Orem, Utah, Multiple Property Submission “Settlement and Agricultural Expansion: Mid-1870s-1913” for the “Establishment of Orem: 1914-1941” periods. It is significant under Criterion A in the area of agriculture for its association with a number of concurrent owners, each of whom had an impact on the property and its use as a farm. Originally called Provo Bench, Orem was established as an agriculturally-based community of widely-scattered farmsteads. Thomas Barrett, the original owner of this house, homesteaded 160 acres of land on Provo Bench for which he received a patent in 1886. Barrett was among the earliest settlers of Provo Bench and became involved in the fruit-growing business before selling his orchards to William Homer in 1908. Both Homer and his successor, Ariel Larsen, improved the fruit producing capabilities of the orchards, with Larsen replanting many of the orchards. The period of significance is 1887-1969, reflecting the original construction of the house up to when the Larsens sold the property. The remaining two-acre farmstead is an island in a now mostly urbanized setting. It remains a good example of agricultural development during the period of agricultural expansion and prosperity in Orem in late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The house is also significant in the area of architecture under Criterion C as an example of transitional Victorian to World War II-era architecture on the Provo Bench. Barrett sold off large portions of his quarter section to fund the construction of this home, which was more ornate than many of the utilitarian structures built on the Provo Bench during the early settlement period. The house also reflects the period of growth and change during the period of the “Establishment of Orem” context as the orchards and house, which had become run down, were purchased by the Larsen family in 1944. The original Victorian-style house was remodeled to reflect a more modern residence by the addition of a utility room on the rear with a basement beneath, a nearby garage and the application of stucco to the exterior. Victorian details of the house, including doors, windows, and porch moldings were retained in the remodel. The house retains architectural integrity from these time periods and, along with the surrounding farmstead is an important contributing historic resource to the City of Orem, where very few of the orchards and farmsteads remain.

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Barrett-Homer-Larsen Famstead

Park City High School
Park City, Summit County, Utah

Statement of Significance:  UT_Summit County_Park City High School_0011 (Medium)
The Park City High School building, constructed in 1928, is locally significant to the history of the town under Criterion A in the area of Education as its first exclusive high school, built at a time when the mining town came to realize the importance of educating both boys and girls. Serving in this capacity for fifty years, the high school helped mold two generations of community children. The period of significance is 1928-1965, beginning with the original construction date up until 50 years ago, as it was still being used as a school at that time. The building is architecturally significant under Criterion C as a work of prominent Salt Lake City firm Scott & Welch. It is also significant as a well-preserved example of the Collegiate Gothic style that is prominent in a former mining town with few architectural buildings. Despite some minor non-historic alterations at the rear and north side of the auditorium wing, the style and craftsmanship of a Scott & Welch design is apparent in the main classroom wing, providing a well-preserved Collegiate Gothic work. The Park City High School building is a contributing historic resource in this historic mining town

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Park City High School

The National Register of Historic Places is the official federal list of properties that are significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, or engineering.

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