Federal regulations governing the composition of the State Historic Preservation Review Board
36 CFR 61.4 (e)
(e) An adequate and qualified State historic preservation Review Board shall be designated by the SHPO unless an alternative method of appointment is provided by State law.
(1) The State Review Board shall consist of at least five persons. The Review Board shall consist of members who have demonstrated a competence, interest, or knowledge in historic preservation and a majority of Review Board members shall be recognized professionals in the following and related disciplines defined in Appendix A to these rules. Except as approved pursuant to paragraph (e)(4) of this section, the membership shall include a minimum of one professional in each of the following disciplines: history, prehistoric and historic archeology, and architectural history and architecture. All of these professionals shall meet the standards set forth in Appendix A. The State shall determine what other professional disciplines and/or additional members are needed.
(2) The archeologist shall be qualified in both prehistoric and historic archeology, or an additional qualified person shall be appointed to the State Review Board so that expertise in both prehistoric and historic archeology will be represented.
(3) The architectural historian or architect shall be qualified in both architectural history and architecture or an additional qualified person shall be appointed to the State Review Board so that expertise in both architectural history and architecture will be represented.
(4) The Secretary will consider proposals for alternative Review Board requirements for States with historic resources and needs which cannot be served or met by the composition outlined in paragraph (e)(1) of this section. Such alternative requirements must ensure adequate professional expertise on the Review Board, comparable to that required in paragraph (e)(1) of this section to perform the responsibilities of the Review Board. Such proposals will be reviewed and approved in writing by the Secretary on a State by State basis. Approved alternatives will remain in effect until they are reviewed, at the Secretary’s discretion, or at the request of the State.
(5) The State shall annually certify according to procedures provided by the Secretary that the State program meets the minimum Review Board requirements. If these requirements are not met for a period exceeding three months, the State shall communicate by letter to the Secretary, the timetable for filling the vacancy, or propose to NPS an alternative pursuant to paragraph (e)(4) of this section. During such lapse in minimum Review Board requirements, the State shall take steps to ensure that temporary measures provide expertise so that the Review Board continues to operate as a professional body that can objectively evaluate the historic significance of properties and provide professional advice on historic preservation matters. If a lapse in Review Board requirements persists for more than six months, the Secretary may require further restrictions in State program operations or HPF financial assistance to remain in effect until the Review Board vacancy has been filled or an alternative has been proposed and approved by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (e)(4) of this section.
(6) The State Review Board shall meet at least three times a year and shall adopt procedures governing its operations consistent with the provisions of this section. In making decisions the Review Board must have access to the expertise necessary to make objective professional judgments.
(7) The responsibilities that the State Review Board performs include, but need not be limited to, the following:
(i) Reviewing each National Register nomination proposal prior to submission to the National Register to determine whether or not the property meets the National Register criteria for evaluation, and to make a recommendation that the State nominate or reject the proposed nomination;
(ii) Participating in the review of appeals to National Register nominations and providing written opinions on the significance of the properties;
(iii) Providing advice to the State about documentation submitted in conjunction with the Historic Preservation Fund including but not limited to grant applications, end of year reports, and the State comprehensive historic preservation planning process;
(iv) Providing general advice, guidance, and professional recommendations to the SHPO in carrying out the duties and responsibilities listed in s 61.4(b).
(f) Mechanisms shall be provided for adequate public participation in the State historic preservation program. As part of the process of recommending properties to the National Register, the State shall comply with all consultation and notification procedures contained in 36 CFR Part 60.6.
Appendix A to Part 61 Professional Qualifications Standards In the following definitions, a year of full time professional experience need not consist of a continuous year of full time work but may be made up of discontinuous periods of full time or part time work adding up to the equivalent of a year of full time experience.(a) History. The minimum professional qualifications in history are a graduate degree in history or closely related field; or a bachelor’s degree in history or closely related field plus one of the following:(1) At least two years of full time experience in research, writing, teaching, interpretation or other demonstrable professional activity with an academic institution, historical organization or agency, museum, or other professional institution; or
(2) Substantial contribution through research and publication to the body of scholarly knowledge in the field of history.
(b) Archeology. The minimum professional qualifications in archeology are a graduate degree in archeology, anthropology, or closely related field plus:
(1) At least one year of full time professional experience or equivalent specialized training in archeological research, administration or management;
(2) At least four months of supervised field and analytic experience in general North American archeology; and
(3) Demonstrated ability to carry research to completion.
In addition, to these minimum qualifications, a professional in prehistoric archeology shall have at least one year of full time professional experience at a supervisory level in the study of archeological resources of the prehistoric period. A professional in historic archeology shall have at least one year of full time professional experience at a supervisory level in the study of archeological resources of the historic period.
(c) Architectural history. The minimum professional qualifications in architectural history are a graduate degree in architectural history, art history, historic preservation, or closely related field, with course work in American architectural history; or a bachelor’s degree in architectural history, art history, historic preservation, or closely related field plus one of the following:
(1) At least two years of full time experience in research, writing, or teaching in American architectural history or restoration architecture with an academic institution, historical organization or agency, museum, or other professional institution; or
(2) Substantial contribution through research and publication to the body of scholarly knowledge in the field of American architectural history.
(d) Architecture. The minimum professional qualifications in architecture are a professional degree in architecture plus at least two years of full time professional experience in architecture; or a State license to practice architecture.
(e) Historic Architecture. The minimum professional qualifications in historic architecture are a professional degree in architecture of State license to practice architecture, plus one of the following:
(1) At least one year of graduate study in architectural preservation, American architectural history, preservation planning, or closely related field; or
(2) At least one year of full time professional experience on historic preservation projects. Such graduate study or experience shall include detailed investigations of historic structures, preparation of historic structures research reports, and preparation of plans and specification for preservation projects.