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Early Utah Photographs by Timothy H. O’Sullivan and William Henry Jackson

osullivanportrait

Timothy O’Sullivan

These Timothy O’Sullivan photographs were taken in 1869 during the 40th Parallel Survey that took place between 1867-1872. The expedition that surveyed northern Utah in 1869 was under the command of Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys and U.S. Geologist Clarence King. Among O’Sullivan’s photos include images of various points in the Wasatch and the Uinta Mountains, including King’s Peak, as well as of Ogden, Salt Lake City, and Promontory Summit. King’s Peak, the highest peak in Utah, is named for Clarence King, while the highest point in Arizona is named for Andrew Humphreys.

Born in Ireland, O’Sullivan worked for Matthew Brady in New York as a teenager just before the outbreak of the Civil War. Beginning in 1862, he joined Matthew Brady’s team of photographers, and late that same year he joined Alexander Gardner’s photographic team, ultimately publishing forty-four photographs, some of which are quite famous, including “Harvest of Death” depicting dead confederate soldiers in the field at Gettysburg and “Dead Confederate Sharpshooter at Foot of Little Round Top.”

O’Sullivan established a new career as a photographer of the natural beauty of he west and several Native-Americans, which was enhanced significantly by joining the 40th Parallel Survey. In 1882, O’Sullivan died of tuberculosis in Staten Island, NY at the age of 42.William_Henry_Jackson_port0213_original

We also publish a few photographs by William Henry Jackson, an O’Sullivan contemporary. Jackson accompanied Ferdinand Hayden on his geologic surveys of the Yellowstone River and Rocky Mountains in 1870 and 1871. His landscape photographs introduced the public to the scenery and grandeur of the American West and were instrumental in convincing Congress to designate Yellowstone National Park in 1872. Jackson died in 1942 at the age of 99 years.

 


 

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Corinne, Utah. William Henry Jackson

William Henry Jackson - Hayden expedition in camp, 1872

Hayden expedition in camp, 1872. William Henry Jackson

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First camp of the Hayden survey at Ogden, Utah. William Henry Jackson

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Salt Lake City, 1869. William Henry Jackson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wasatch Mountains near Ogden, Utah Territory. Photo by T.H. O'Sullivan. Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel (King Survey). - ID. King, 86 - kingp086 - U.S. Geological Survey - Public domain image

Wasatch Mountains near Ogden, Utah. William Henry Jackson

 

AmericanForkCanyon

American Fork Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

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Mouth of American Fork Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

 

 

AmericanForkCanyon-mouth

Mouth of American Fork Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

AustinNV-FrankFrancisHometown

Austin, NV – Silver Mining town. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

BearRiver-Uintahs

Bear River in the Uinta Mountains. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

BigCottonwood(1)

Big Cottonwood Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

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Big Cottonwood Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

BridalVeilFalls-Provo

Bridal Veil Falls in Provo Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

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Bridal Veil Falls in Provo Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

ChristmasMeadows-Uintahs

Christmas Meadows in the Uintas. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

CityofRocks

City of Rocks in northwest Utah. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

CottonwoodCanyon

Mouth of Little Cottonwood Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

CottonwoodLake

Cottonwood Lake. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

DevilsGate-WeberRiver(bridge)

Devil’s Gate near Mouth of Weber Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

DevilsGate-WeberRiver

Devil’s Gate near Mouth of Weber Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

DevilsSlide

Devil’s Slide in Weber Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

DevilsSlide2

Devil’s Slide. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

EchoCanyon

Mouth of Echo Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

FlamingGorge

Overlook at Flaming Gorge in northeastern Utah. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

FlamingGorge2

Flaming Gorge in northeastern Utah. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

LakeJan-Uintahs

Lake Jan. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

LakeLall-Uintahs

Lake Lall near Mt. Agassiz in the Uintas. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

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Lake Lall in the Uintas. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

Mouth of EchoCanyon

Mouth of Echo Canyon. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

MtAgassiz

Mt. Agassiz in the Uintas. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

MtAgassiz2

Mt. Agassiz in the Uintas. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

MtOgden

Mt. Ogden and Taylor’s Canyon near Ogden, Utah. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

MtOlympus-North

Mt. Olympus from the west near Salt Lake City. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

MtOlympus-West

Mt. Olympus. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

NearLonePeak

Near Summit of Lone Peak in Salt Lake County. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

Ogden-BenLomond

Ben Lomond and Lewis Peak looking north from Ogden. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

SLCPanorama1

Salt Lake City Panorama Shot #1. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

SLCPanorama2

Salt Lake City Panorama Shot #2. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

SummitofLonePeak

Summit of Lone Peak. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

SurveyCampSLC

Camp of the 40th Parallel Survey near Salt Lake City. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

 

WitchesRocks2

Witches’ Rocks near Henifer. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

 

 

 

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Witches’ Rocks near Henifer. Timothy H. O’Sullivan

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Driving of the Golden Spike at Promontory Summit, 1869. Timothy H. O’Sullivan